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Oil Exploration and Extraction - Essay Example

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One of the greatest challenges of the present day that the humanity facing, is to provide every human being on the earth access to safe, clean and sustainable environment and energy supplies. The use of energy has been a critical issue throughout the history in the functioning and development of human societies…
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Oil Exploration and Extraction
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"Oil Exploration and Extraction"

Download file to see previous pages The industrial revolution in turn has provided increased affluence and productivity to large masses around the world. However there is an increased realization that the energy systems of the world have to undergo a radical change if the sustainability of the supply of energy is to be maintained on a long-term basis. Concerns of people that energy supplies will be exhausted in the near futures though can be considered as an exaggeration, there is truth in the point that the fossil fuel reserves are ultimately finite and will deplete completely one day. This fact has necessitated the finding out of substitute energy sources. Another fact that always threatens the world is that the fossil fuels have been found concentrated in the Middle East and North Africa. This situation has led to major world crisis and conflicts - world cannot forget the oil crisis of 1970s and the Gulf War of 1990 - and there is the likelihood that such circumstances may emerge in the future also. Substantial increases in the oil prices will affect the world economy greatly and of late the exploration and use of fossil fuel reserves entails a number of health hazards. All these considerations suggest the creation of a sustainable energy sources for the future humanity. This paper draws upon from the available literature and makes a review of the need for sustainability, sustainable energy and the possible conflicts between the economy and the environment.
Environmental Conflicts

Quite often the linkage between environment and conflicts as an issue concerned with the struggle for scarce natural resources. However, the environmental conflicts can rise to the level of conflicts over the actual resources. For understanding the concept of environment and the issues associated therewith the concepts of ecosystem and environmental change need to be studied as they constitute the fundamentals of environment. The ecosystem is a circular feedback covering the living beings and their environment in a certain space. It is to be noted that the 'environmental change' does not represent the interaction of the human beings with the environment in which they live but it means a 'destabilizing interference in the ecosystem's equilibrium'. The ecosystem on an environmental change is forced to search for a new equilibrium at the changed environment. Environmental degradation on the other hand is the negative impact on human beings and the society resulting in a loss of quality of life. There are other environmental changes that have positive impacts on the living conditions of human beings. However the assessment as to whether the impact is positive or negative depends on the social and cultural context of the situation. The term environmental degradation can be understood to represent human made environmental change which has a negative impact on the human society and quite often such degradation may become the potential cause of environmental conflict. This would also imply a resource scarcity problem which has been in existence traditionally (Stephen Libiszewski).
Thus the concept of environmental change and degradation forces to make a differentiation between renewable and non-renewable natural resources. The main fields in which there is the likelihood of the emergence of environmental problems are 'fresh water, soil, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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