Nobody downloaded yet

Conserving of Peat Bogs - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The effect of human activity on the world's peatland ecosystems is slowly developing into what will eventually become a significant global crisis. Comprised of thick accumulations of preserved plant detritus with a dominating living plant surface layer, peatland is an extremely important economic raw material, store of carbon, and archive of environmental change…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
Conserving of Peat Bogs
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Conserving of Peat Bogs"

Download file to see previous pages In fact, according to Pearce in his article "Peat bogs harbour carbon time bomb," it is estimated that "the bogs of Europe, Siberia and North America hold the equivalent of 70 years of global industrial emissions" (2004). Peat forms in a low-oxygen environment that prevents the rapid decomposition of plant matter (Eslick, 2001). As a result, peat lands are not conducive to the general growth of vegetation because its "soils" are poor in nutrients. However, since "peat is a precursor to coal," it is also a significant (though much cheaper) source of energy that has for many years been exploited by man (Eslick). This exploitation has, in some cases, almost decimated the stores of peat in many parts of the world. In Ireland, for instance, 50% of raised bogs were depleted in only about 30 years, all for the purpose of extracting its stores of energy (Abbot). Another common use of peat from bogs is in improving the composition of soil in agriculture, and "Horticulturists today value Sphagnum peat for its resistance to decomposition and ability to neutralize odor" (Dente, 1997). For these reasons, peat is harvested and marketed on large scales in such countries as the United States, Ireland and Sweden. In a time when scientists, environmentalists and governments alike seek to preserve the stores of fossil fuels in the earth, it would seem natural that an equal preservation of peat (and, by extension, the bogs that contain it) should follow. Yet what, if any, are the tangible environmental benefits of preserving peat bogs Are there any immediate or foreseeable costs that outweigh the benefits of using peat as an energy source or for agri-/horticultural purposes
Acting as remarkable terrestrial carbon pools (or 'sinks'), peatlands can store carbon for near geological time-scales. Playing a crucial role in the global carbon cycle they lock up the primary greenhouse gas CO2, helping to prevent global warming. The role of carbon in the environment is an intricate one. Carbon possesses an uncanny ability to bond with other elements. Therefore, it makes up part of millions of compounds that exist on the earth, and because of this, it can be found everywhere and in just about everything on the planet. Carbon bonds with oxygen stoichiometrically, which "means that for every mole of carbon oxidized, one mole of carbon dioxide is produced," and it is also true that "achieving an appropriate level of atmospheric carbon dioxide is requisite to preventing anthropogencially induced climate change" (Eslick, 2001).
A phenomenon of peat-levels in bogs is the fact that their carbon levels seem to be so intimately connected with the levels of carbon in the atmosphere that an increase in one sparks an increase in the other. They feed off each other, and according to this idea, an escalation of carbon might already have begun that will sustain itself regardless of further human intervention (Pearce, 2004). The high level of carbon present in the bogs, when released by burning or other activities, contributes to an increase in the CO2 levels of the atmosphere, which over the past 200 years has risen from 278 ppm (parts per meter) to 360 ppm (Stonyfield, 1997). This rise correlates with the general rise in the temperature level of the earth that, in fact, defines global warming, and the exploitation of peatlands has been a major contributor to the increase in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Conserving of Peat Bogs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Conserving of Peat Bogs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/technology/1506348-conserving-of-peat-bogs
(Conserving of Peat Bogs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Conserving of Peat Bogs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words. https://studentshare.org/technology/1506348-conserving-of-peat-bogs.
“Conserving of Peat Bogs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/technology/1506348-conserving-of-peat-bogs.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Wind Farm Development in the United Kingdom
...of potent land to build wind farms is using already damaged land for instance peat bogs. Building wind farms in such areas can also act as a form of land reclamation. There is, however, a downside to building wind farms in peat bogs. A Scottish MEP claims that tampering with the peat bogs will produce more carbon dioxide than the wind farms are able to mitigate (Dan 2009, p. 76). Experts suggest the construction of offshore wind farms to solve all the above land problems. In most cases, offshore land is the governments’ property; therefore, there is no interference with private owned properties. Secondly, there are lesser complications...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Conserving Soil Quality On Farms In Hawaii
...?Conserving Soil Quality on Farms in Hawai'i Soil quality and the conservation of soil quality is an often overlooked part of environmental and economical maintenance. Without quality soil available for the use of plant and microbial life, neither crop production for human consumption nor an area's natural ecosystem can be supported. Soil quality conservation is a major concern because it directly and significantly affects the world's food supply. As soil quality declines, the food quality and food security from that soil also declines. However, crop yield declines at rate exponential to the rate of decline in the soil quality, meaning that soil quality conservation must...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
Uses of coal
...May 4, Uses of Coal Coal is a fossil fuel and is the altered remains of prehistoric vegetation that originally accumulated in swamps and peat bogs. The energy we get from coal today comes from the energy that plants absorbed from the sun millions of years ago. All living plants store solar energy through a process known as photosynthesis. When plants die, this energy is usually released as the plants decay. Under conditions favorable to coal formation, the decaying process is interrupted, preventing the release of the stored solar energy. The energy is locked into the coal. Coal formation began during the Carboniferous Period - known as the first coal age - which spanned 360 million to 290 million years...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
The Ecological Impact of the Destruction of Wetlands
...The ecological impact of the destruction of wetlands Wetlands are ecological units or homes for comprehensive life forms that are drenched with water. The existence or nonexistence of water concludes their configuration, courses and characteristics. Wetlands are typified by exact vegetation, scrupulous soils and the existence of water for a minimum period in the year. A wetland might contain all of this distinctiveness or merely a single or double of them. Floodplains, quagmires, bogs, deltas, sloughs, peat lands, and other water catchment places are all kinds of wetland. Wetlands crop up in places ranging from elevated altitude heap ranges (seeps), throughout to mid-catchment places (mainly marshes),...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Methods of Conserving the Ogallala Aquifer
... Methods of Conserving the Ogallala Aquifer: The Ogallala Aquifer is among the largest in the world. The Aquifer is located in United States of America. It is an underground water table Aquifer, found under the United States Great plains. The system is vast, and yet shallow. The system covers a distance of over 450,000 kms, and it runs across eight states (Ashworth, 15). These states are Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming, Nebraska, and South Dakota. The Aquifer produces 30% of the underground water used for irrigation, and serves 82% of people living within the system. There are arguments for and against the preservation of the Ogallala Aquifer system. For instance, Mr. Texas Panhandle, a farmer was successful... , and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
The Quaternary period
...it was quite fertile and probably quite favourable to the development of vegetation. However, the important factor contributing to human habitation appeared to be the river and the opportunities for fishing that it afforded. The gravel lands that lie adjacent to the wetlands and clayey lands seemed to be targeted by the humans as ideal for settling. Their closeness to the wetlands made them more attractive, as economic benefits were to be derived from those sources (Phillips, 3). High water tables give rise to paludification, which is "the process of bog expansion resulting from rising water tables as a consequence of peat growth" (Crawford, et. al, 2002, par. 1) The trees that sprang up could not...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Basic Water Conservation in California and discover a way conserving water can save energy
...Topic: Basic Water Conservation in California Topic of Contents Introduction 2 Water Problems in California 2 Water Conservation Techniques 4 Irrigated Agriculture of California 4 Water Consumption at Lawn and Garden 5 Design of available Space 5 Preparation of Soil 5 Putting Plants at Right Places 6 Efficient Irrigation 6 Mulch and Proper Maintenance 7 Water Consumption at Home 7 Water Use in Kitchen 7 Water Use in Bathroom 8 Water Use in Manufacturing Automobile and Food Items 9 Connection of Energy and Water Conservation 9 Conclusion 10 References: 11 Introduction California situated on the west coast of United States of America has been experiencing water problems from the past few decades. The situation calls... for the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
The importance of listing and conserving historic buildings
...Importance of Listing & Conserving Historic Buildings Rachna Jalan Importance of Listing & Conserving Historic Buildings Introduction Our entire historic milieu enhances our quality of life. However, certain historic buildings are unique deserving special importance both nationally and internationally. This has led to the emergence of various heritage protection teams for identifying such special buildings for providing particular attention. The Architect’s Journal reported the following in 1975: Architectural Conservation should be accorded the same consideration which is already being shown to the conservation of other resources for the same reasons. Buildings represent...
40 Pages(10000 words)Essay
CONSERVING THE BUILT CULTURAL HERITAGE
...Conserving the Built Cultural Heritage The value of culture in most societies cannot be under d. Culture defines a people’s way of life and therefore always means a lot to individuals, communities, nations, states and even territories. Culture has often been celebrated in a variety of ways one of the ways is through the identification and conservation of cultural events and heritage. The United Kingdom (UK), in recognition and respect of its people’s culture, places a lot of value in conserving cultural heritages. This paper is dedicated to analyzing the measures taken by the government of the United Kingdom in safeguarding the nation’s cultural heritage. The paper will focus mainly on...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
CONSERVING THE BUILT CULTURAL HERITAGE
...was encouraged giving the public, well aware of the destruction wrought by the war and the bombing, the distinct impression that their views would be considered. Among those in the armed forces who were asked, “most (ninety-three percent) opted for “a house with a garden” (Vale, 1995:45) over a modern flat such as the ones being constructed in higher rise buildings as part of estate housing communities. Before 1996, one might say the need, concept and development, while criticized in some circles, was fairly widely accepted as a way of not only providing housing but as a means of maximized profits for private developers. Well into the 1980s and 1990s the projects contined. It was a time of conservative rule “prior to...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Conserving of Peat Bogs for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us