We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Conserving of Peat Bogs - Essay Example

Comments (0)
The effect of human activity on the world's peatland ecosystems is slowly developing into what will eventually become a significant global crisis. Comprised of thick accumulations of preserved plant detritus with a dominating living plant surface layer, peatland is an extremely important economic raw material, store of carbon, and archive of environmental change…
Download full paper
Conserving of Peat Bogs
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Conserving of Peat Bogs

Download file to see previous pages... In fact, according to Pearce in his article "Peat bogs harbour carbon time bomb," it is estimated that "the bogs of Europe, Siberia and North America hold the equivalent of 70 years of global industrial emissions" (2004). Peat forms in a low-oxygen environment that prevents the rapid decomposition of plant matter (Eslick, 2001). As a result, peat lands are not conducive to the general growth of vegetation because its "soils" are poor in nutrients. However, since "peat is a precursor to coal," it is also a significant (though much cheaper) source of energy that has for many years been exploited by man (Eslick). This exploitation has, in some cases, almost decimated the stores of peat in many parts of the world. In Ireland, for instance, 50% of raised bogs were depleted in only about 30 years, all for the purpose of extracting its stores of energy (Abbot). Another common use of peat from bogs is in improving the composition of soil in agriculture, and "Horticulturists today value Sphagnum peat for its resistance to decomposition and ability to neutralize odor" (Dente, 1997). For these reasons, peat is harvested and marketed on large scales in such countries as the United States, Ireland and Sweden. In a time when scientists, environmentalists and governments alike seek to preserve the stores of fossil fuels in the earth, it would seem natural that an equal preservation of peat (and, by extension, the bogs that contain it) should follow. Yet what, if any, are the tangible environmental benefits of preserving peat bogs Are there any immediate or foreseeable costs that outweigh the benefits of using peat as an energy source or for agri-/horticultural purposes
Acting as remarkable terrestrial carbon pools (or 'sinks'), peatlands can store carbon for near geological time-scales. Playing a crucial role in the global carbon cycle they lock up the primary greenhouse gas CO2, helping to prevent global warming. The role of carbon in the environment is an intricate one. Carbon possesses an uncanny ability to bond with other elements. Therefore, it makes up part of millions of compounds that exist on the earth, and because of this, it can be found everywhere and in just about everything on the planet. Carbon bonds with oxygen stoichiometrically, which "means that for every mole of carbon oxidized, one mole of carbon dioxide is produced," and it is also true that "achieving an appropriate level of atmospheric carbon dioxide is requisite to preventing anthropogencially induced climate change" (Eslick, 2001).
A phenomenon of peat-levels in bogs is the fact that their carbon levels seem to be so intimately connected with the levels of carbon in the atmosphere that an increase in one sparks an increase in the other. They feed off each other, and according to this idea, an escalation of carbon might already have begun that will sustain itself regardless of further human intervention (Pearce, 2004). The high level of carbon present in the bogs, when released by burning or other activities, contributes to an increase in the CO2 levels of the atmosphere, which over the past 200 years has risen from 278 ppm (parts per meter) to 360 ppm (Stonyfield, 1997). This rise correlates with the general rise in the temperature level of the earth that, in fact, defines global warming, and the exploitation of peatlands has been a major contributor to the increase in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Wind Farm Development in the United Kingdom
According to the study United Kingdom has a relatively favourable geographical position for the exploitation of wind energy. For instance, most of Scotland has a hilly, sparsely populated, and windy countryside. The first wind farm built in U.K was in 1991 at Delabole, Cornwall. Since there got some progress in wind farms establishment and subsequent production of wind energy, a lot had to be done.
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Wildlife and Landscape Survey
Discuss the stages in planning the monitoring of a moorland management plan drawing out the importance of each stage of the process. Monitoring of a Moorland Management Plan (A practical Moorland Management Plan depends on the land terrain and the structure of peat, which varies all across the world.
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
The Quaternary period
During the Quaternary, there have been occasions of higher temperatures occurring across the globe, temperatures comparable to and even higher than those we experience today. In truth, "the hallmark of the Quaternary is the repeated oscillation of the earth's global climate system between glacial and interglacial states" (Walker, 2005, p.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Basic Water Conservation in California and discover a way conserving water can save energy
Therefore, the need of the time is to employ the measures of water conservation. In spite of media attention and focus by legislators and Governors, common people of California are unaware of the water problems. A statewide effort in the name of "California's Water: A Crisis We Can't Ignore" has been launched by ACWA or Association of California Water Agencies, which is a coalition of 450 public water agencies.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
The importance of listing and conserving historic buildings
The Architect’s Journal reported the following in 1975: Architectural Conservation should be accorded the same consideration which is already being shown to the conservation of other resources for the same reasons. Buildings represent energy,
40 Pages(10000 words)Essay
Options for Implementing a Leadership Change
This paper tackles these two options for approaches to implementing change. While these options may differ in approach, they both emphasize similar points that serve as the guiding philosophy of change management. There are
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The United Kingdom (UK), in recognition and respect of its people’s culture, places a lot of value in conserving cultural heritages. This paper is dedicated to analyzing the measures taken by the
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Since the war, debates have raged over how the necessity for more housing equates with the careful stewardship of protecting the U.K.’s cultural identity. This paper seeks to explore
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
What legal protection is given to archaeological sites in Britain To what extent are these measures effective in safeguarding their future
preserve the archaeological remains that have been discovered and work in tandem with other departments such as conservation, statutory undertakers, developers, owners and other departments of the government. The British government aims at lending all support monetary and
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
S.O.A.P Analysis for the ten essays
d achievements: “Another contemporary consensus might be: You wear the best shoes you can afford, you seek to know Romes best restaurants” or “Everyone knows times and cultures are plural. If you come back a shrugging relativist or tongue-tied absolutist, then what?” and
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Conserving of Peat Bogs for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us