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History of Internet and Music in UK - Essay Example

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Internet evolution in the UK started from the year 1973 when the first connections of ARPANET were given to the University College of London (England) and Royal Radar Establishment (Norway). With the advent of ARPANET in the UK, Ethernet was outlined with the widespread of connecting local networks…
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History of Internet and Music in UK
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"History of Internet and Music in UK"

Download file to see previous pages 1974 was important in UK Internet history as in this year 'Telenet', a commercial version of ARPANET, was opened which was the first step towards providing the first public packet data service in UK.
1977 was the year when Internet no longer remained an illusion. E-mail took off with the reality of Internet. In 1977 number of hosts grew by 100. THEORYNET provided electronic mail to over 100 researchers in computer science (using a locally developed E-mail system and TELENET for access to server). First demonstration of ARPANET/Packet Radio Net/SATNET operation of Internet protocols over gateways. (Internet, 2006a)
In 1982 TCP/IP defined future communications with DCA and ARPA establishment of the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP), as the protocol suite, commonly known as TCP/IP, for ARPANET. (Internet, 2006a)
In 1983 Internet Activities Board (IAB) established, replacing ICCB and Berkeley released new version of UNIX 4.2BSD incorporating TCP/IP. 1984 was the year when Domain Name Server (DNS) was introduced instead of 123.456.789.10, it was found easier to remember something like www.myuniversity.mydept.mynetwork.mycountry. In 1984 JANET (Joint Academic Network) established in the UK connecting UK universities to each other over the Internet. (Internet, 2006a)
In 1986 power of Internet was ...
(Internet, 2006a)
In 1986 power of Internet was realised with 5,000 Hosts and 241 News groups and in the next year Internet was commercialised with 28,000 hosts. Internet Relay Chat (IRC) was developed in 1988. Modernisation began in 1991 with Commercial Internet exchange (CIX) Association, Inc. formed after NSF lifts restrictions on the commercial use of the Net.
In 1991 Gopher was released with the start of JANET IP Service (JIPS) using TCP/IP within the UK academic network. In 1992 Multimedia was introduced with the formation of Internet Society (ISOC) and 1993 was followed by the true WWW revolutions.
1994 was the year Internet Magazine launched. It reported on London's first cyber caf and reviewed 100 websites. It was billed as the 'most extensive' list of websites ever to appear in a magazine. A 28.8Kbps modem cost 399 (plus VAT) at that time. Microsoft entered in 1996 and in 2003 nearly half of the British were connected: UK telecomm regulator Oftel reported that 47% of UK homes possessed Internet access and 58% had a PC. Of those online, 15% used broadband and 92% were satisfied with their service. (Internet, 2006a)
2004 was the year when broadband became more popular; media companies started selling music and video online. Napster relaunched as a paid music download store. It was up against ITunes, Apple's download store for its trendy iPod portable music players. (Internet, 2006b)


History of Music Downloads in the UK

Music downloads in the UK started with the advent of HMV website which launched in 1997, HMV was the first musical website to provide the British with online music listening and downloading of songs. To increase the profitability of its online presence HMV demanded a web analytical solution that could provide accurate and detailed ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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