Information in the 20th century has exponentially increased simultaneously with the increase of knowledge and discoveries undertaken every day. Publication and printing out of information materials are unceasing processes for the documentation of various broad fields where we have accumulated information. …
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With the help of our current technologies, library systems and processes are progressively improved to manage the information organization and make these resources easily accessible for the public. Our goal to provide more using less time and resources poses areas of growth in our library systems. It could be quite challenging to deliver a common good with excellent library services adaptive to both the culture we are used to and to the technological requirements that carries the possibility to fasten the library processes. This paper therefore aims to present information about the development of RFID in libraries and to evaluate its influence in the society.
What is RFID?
Radio frequency identification or simply RFID is a technology that equips a fast-paced library system which is usually adopted by very high circulation public libraries although small to midsize libraries have reaped its benefits as well (Rethlefsen, 2011). Caldwell-Stone (2010) defines it further as RFID “enables the tracking and monitoring of physical items by attaching an RFID tag or transponder to an item. Each tag consists of an internal antenna and a computer chip that stores data. When the tag is scanned or interrogated by a reading device equipped with its own antenna, the tag communicates its data wirelessly via radio waves to the reader.” The distance where an RFID tag can be read by the library’s reading device is important to know as this measures the item’s security within the library’s premises and also the speed of the borrowing or returning process in the library. However the said distance or range is affected by factors such as tag design, the tag and the reader’s method of communication and, the quality of the radio frequency available where the RFID application operates. Caldwell-Stone (2010) explains that “active” RFID tags are more recommended as these can transmit signals in long distances being powered by batteries or other power sources. Whereas “passive” tags transmit signals in relatively limited distances having no power source and being able to transmit information only when powered by the energy from the radio signal transmitted by the RFID reader. Not only the components of RFID systems include tags and tag readers but also computer hardware adding in servers and security gates and, RFID-specific software including RFID system administration programs, inventory software and many others (Intellectual Freedom Committee, 2006). These equipments facilitate the whole communication process about sending and receiving data regarding the item borrowed and related information on the borrower’s details and programmed due dates for the item’s return. How RFID Works in the Library System RFID tags are attached to library items. Every tag contains a particular amount of internal memory
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