Infective agents are transmitted from individual to individual by either direct or indirect contact. Different types of viruses, diseases, and bacteria can all lead to serious infections. For instance, popular infectious diseases include malaria and various respiratory illnesses.
To keep away from the threats, it is recommended to wash hands regularly and take other preventive measures, mostly associated with personal hygiene and intimate relations.
Person-to-person contact is one of the most widespread channels. Transmission takes place when one individual touches another one. Exchanging body fluids also counts. It may occur before an infected individual learns about the illness. The most popular example could be sexually transmitted diseases during the sexual act of any type.
Pregnant women can hold dangerous elements as well. They can pass infectious diseases to their unborn babies through the placenta. Gonorrhea is the type of disease which is transmitted during the birth process.
Droplet spread is another type of direct contact. When people with viruses a cough or sneeze, they release a certain amount of droplets which may cause the further distribution of the infection. Sometimes, droplets may be released even during the ordinary verbal communication. Some types of transmissions demand proximity.
Indirect contact includes airborne transmission. Certain infectious agents may travel long distances in the air. They remain active during the long interval of time. Measles disease is distributed this way, for instance.
Contaminated objects also belong to this category…
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There are three main ways for infective agents to be transmitted to a person. Those are droplet, direct and indirect contact. Droplet contact happens when someone is coughing or sneezing close/directly on the other person, without covering their nose or mouth. Direct contact means touching an infected person, a contaminated surface/object or having any other physical relationship with the other person, like sex, for example. Indirect transmission is the airborne one when the microorganisms can remain in the air for some time.