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The Infrastructure of The Pro-Choice Movement - Research Paper Example

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This research paper describes the infrastructure of the Pro-choice movement. This paper outlines abortions, activists of Pro-choice movement, leading organizations of it, early events, development of it and who can be activist. …
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The Infrastructure of The Pro-Choice Movement
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Download file to see previous pages Politically, the issue has been focused and re-focused on the word “choice” as it relates to a woman’s choice about what to do with her body, attempting to steer away from morality and keep the choice private. Prior to the landmark decision of Roe v. Wade in 1973, the pro-choice movement was decentralized and individually based rather than being a formal, structured activist group. When compared to the civil rights movement, pro-choice had few main leaders and no special interest groups (beyond, perhaps, Planned Parenthood). The civil rights movement had several recognized leaders and organizations, although there was still spontaneous direct action by individuals. Pro-choice worked for change on the outside of the overall women’s movement and used medical professionals to mobilize both the medical community and public opinion. After 1973, both sides of the abortion issue began to become more formally politicized and centrally organized, with both the Republican Party and the Democratic Party adopting official platforms on the subject in 1976. Organizations such as NARAL and the National Right to Life Committee were established to carry on activism agendas in the years since 1973. Both sides of the debate have won victories, but the pro-choice movement has seen its victories slowly erode through several conservative Presidential administrations. It is helpful to the discussion of how the pro-choice movement emerged to know a little about two of the biggest pro-choice organizations: Planned Parenthood and NARAL (also known as National Association for Repeal of Abortion Laws, National Abortion Rights Action League, National Abortion and Reproductive Rights Action League, and Pro-Choice America). These advocacy and lobbying groups are strongly supported by feminists and have been instrumental in passing abortion-rights laws. Both of them have grown significantly more visible since Roe v. Wade, and have been instrumental in carrying on the abortion-rights debate. NARAL was founded in 1969 and developed offices in Washington DC in 1975 to be closer to federal lobbying and policy-making.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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