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Victimology: The Crime of Drug Trafficking - Assignment Example

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"Victimology: The Crime of Drug Trafficking" paper examines the background of drug dealing becoming criminal, collaboration in law enforcement, famous historical case, how the crime of drug trafficking is detected, and common profiles of people who commit this crime. …
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Victimology: The Crime of Drug Trafficking
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Download file to see previous pages Background of Drug Dealing Becoming Criminal: Until drug-dealing started on a large scale in the mid-nineteen-eighties, there were few realistic opportunities for youth to get rich through crime. Those who had engaged themselves in petty crime found that with the expansion of the drug-dealing economy, opportunities emerged for youngsters to make large sums of money quickly. The irregular economy had long been an established part of working-class life. The growth of an illicit drug distribution network has not been a new and sinister creation set up from outside, but an adaptation of long-established trading mechanisms that were already central to the irregular economy (Parker et al, 1988: 107 as quoted in Robins (1992: 89).

Drug trading is conducted under the counter through what was once known in New York city as reefer stores. Another major outlet for drug dealing is in pubs and clubs, according to Robins (1992: 90). Descriptions of drug-dealings by neighborhood youths often carry racist connotations. Among whites and African Caribbeans, suppliers of hard drugs are also often assumed to be Asian (p.94). How the illegal drug trader organizes his customers, suppliers, and functionaries to provide illicit goods at a profit is a cause for public concern. Dwight Smith as quoted in Kelly et al (1994: 85) applied general organization theory of business enterprise to criminal activity. Smith found that organized crime stemmed from the same fundamental assumptions that govern entrepreneurship in the legitimate market place: a necessity to maintain and extend one’s share of the market. Organized crime groups form and thrive in the same way that legitimate businesses do, they respond to the needs and demands of customers, regulators, suppliers, and competitors. The only difference is that organized crime deals with illegal products, where legitimate businesses generally do not (Kelly et al, 1994: 85). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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