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This can be traced back to 1970 when two men applied to be given a marriage license in Minnesota (LaMance, 2015). However, this request was declined because it went against common law. Since then, there have been major developments regarding the legality of same sex marriages. In 1993 for instance, Hawaii Supreme Court overturned the statutes of the state that only allowed marriage to opposite sex couples. In 1996 however, President Bill Clinton signed into law the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) which required that the federal government does not recognize same-sex marriages. Another major development occurred in 2004 when Massachusetts became the first state to legalize same-sex marriages. In 2013, the US Supreme Court issued a landmark decision in the United States v. Windsor Case in which it was held that the Section 3 of the DOMA Act which only allowed marriage between opposite sexes was unconstitutional. Currently, same-sex marriages are legalized in 37 states (CNN Library, 2015). The legal developments regarding same-sex marriages have elicited a debate on whether or not a constitutional amendment is required to make these marriages legal. It is necessary to have a constitutional amendment to allow gays and lesbians to marry so as to accord equal rights and legal benefits to all citizens.
Same-sex couples need to enjoy the equal protection as enshrined in the constitution. In order to ensure that these rights are protected, it is necessary to have a constitutional amendment that allows for same-sex marriages (Kellard, 2012). Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment stipulates that no state should “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” (U.S. Const. amend. XIV, §1). Under the constitution, the government is not supposed to discriminate when protecting its citizens. It is obvious that gays and lesbians are citizens of the United States and therefore deserve to be protected by the law. When gays and lesbians
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The author states that Proposition 8, with ballot title: Eliminates Rights of Same-Sex Couples to Marry is an initiative constitutional amendment which is called California Marriage Protection Act. It is a ballot proposition and constitutional amendment which was passed during the November 2008 state elections.
However, there are those of the view that homosexuality as a transgression and that anyone who is gay or a lesbian should be barred from serving in the military or doing anything meaningful (230). I tend to think that the latter worldview is distorted and highly prejudicial.
It said to gain its manpower mostly from volunteers and also conscription which has been applied in the past in different situations like war. Despite it being among the largest there are plans to make more expansions in the army and in the Marine Corps. The United States military has served in solving different and vital problems all over the world (Watson 4).
The first amendment to the United States charter is the portion of Bill of Rights. It states "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances ("History of the First Amendment")." The first amendment bound the Congress, that it must not force any regulation, which diminishes the autonomy of speech in any medium.
Chrisler cited some relevant statistics from the UCLA's Williams Institute that discloses the number of gay partners, totaling about 1 million, to have raised more than 2 million children. The American Academy of Pediatrics revealed the findings that “no data have pointed to any risk to children of growing up in a family with one or more gay parents”
From among the arguments of advocates supporting same sex couples to adopt children, the following major contentions would be expounded: (1) when state legislations allow same sex couples to marry and adopt children, they abide by the basic principles of American democracy; (2) children with gay or lesbian parents fare as well as those raised in families with a mother and a father; (3) approving gay adoption would not hurt or compromise the traditional heterosexual marriage, nor the children be hurt by being raised in homosexual relationships within the home; and (4) parents, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender, are good parents and want only the best for their children.
Many are the times they have been vilified, with many countries around the world making homosexuality a crime punishable heavily under their laws. Most of the people against homosexuality do so because of religious and cultural beliefs, as well as fear and lack of understanding of people who practice homosexuality (Manalansan 10-50).
The author of the paper explores the relationship between homosexual parents and their offspring. According to Boswell, marriage for homosexuals is defined as the socially sanctioned, voluntary, committed, monogamous, lawfully contracted union of two adult people, which the government and/or society recognizes by conferring certain rights and responsibilities.
He or she must also have the minimum age of 35 years old (U.S Constitution, 2015). Apart from the qualification age, the rest of the requirements serve to discriminate and prevent the immigrants to become the president of the United States.
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