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In case where the topic has little information, then it is appropriate that a student introduce to another element. For instance, if the research topic is “effects of beer on college students”, then one can broaden search to “effects of alcohol on students.”
One element of research that can compromise quality, validity, and reliability of information is bias. According to Whoriskey (2012), biasness occurs when a researcher tends to favor and focus more on predefined ideologies or personal hypothesis about a given research topic. Through bias, the researcher fails to consider views of others or side ideologies. This aspect can lead to an overtly erroneous research with little validity. To avoid biases, it is usually appropriate to subject research findings to review by independent persons who surpass influence of any form from the originators of a research. One of the biases in the drug industry is that most of the actors only focus on the positive elements about their products. Most players pay little attention, and mostly hide the negative effects of drugs from the public. Drug industry also biases in their research by funding, and always intending to control research activities on their drugs to ensure that only favorable results reach the public domain.
Drug industry makes the assumption that the likely side effects they hide about drugs will not manifest. Drug makers also assume that due to the need of secrecy in research, it is never important to share information about ingredients with reviewers. Another assumption is that reviewers will not discover any side effects of particular drugs if uninformed about the known contents (Whoriskey, 2012). Actors in the drug industry also assume that their competitors in the sector use weird and banned technologies as well as ingredients in
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