Springer (2000) argued that while an average person can perceive the concept in terms of vagrancy, the sociological perspective is quite complex. A more general description of homelessness could entail many issues…
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Homelessness is a serious issue across the globe as it affects numerous numbers of people. According to the National Coalition for the Homeless (2007), the number of homeless people has continually increased in the United States since early 1980s with a particular proliferation seen among women and families. In the year 1984, for instance, a survey of the homeless people indicated that New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles led the pack concerning cities having the highest rates of homeless individuals.
The gap between the number of affordable housing units in the US and demand for housing has caused a housing imbalance; consequently, this has led to housing problems to poor people. According to National Coalition for the Homeless (2007), over 2.2 million affordable housing units disappeared from the market between the years 1973 and 1993. The disappearance was as a result of the houses either being converted to condominiums and as a result became very expensive beyond the reach of many. In the year 1991 and 1995, the house rents shot up again by 25% and despite the economy growing National Coalition for the Homeless (2007) says the housing gap increased by 1 million. Current statistics indicates that over 3 million people in the US experience homelessness.
While it is understandable that homelessness affects all sectors of the society, Watson (2010) argued that the older adults withstand the worst of the effects of homelessness. As this people continue getting older, the problem becomes even bigger. This happens because the elderly are physically frail and being homelessness exposes them to chronic health problems, which may be difficult to treat.
The problems experienced by the homeless people are quite many; unsanitary foods, inadequate nutrition, poor hygiene and wanting living conditions. The inability of these people to access basic amenities as the normal population often predisposes them to poor mental health and associated
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However, other researchers believe homelessness is much more complex and difficult to define. For example, Chamberlain and Mackenzie (1992) claim that there is also ‘secondary homelessness’ in which people reside in temporary accommodation such as emergency and refuge facilities.
Homelessness is one of the major problems in the United States. The person experiencing homelessness not only suffers from poor financial conditions but also suffers from prejudice and discrimination against him. It has been observed that lack of job and severe poverty leads a person to experience homelessness.
The definition of homelessness varies from region and the legal aspect of a nation. Generally, it is described as the condition of individuals without habitual residence. According to the American government, homelessness includes people who sleep in either public or private places unfit for use as a regular dwelling for human beings.
It is because it already very obvious that the root cause of homelessness is really just poverty – people became homeless because they do not have the money to buy house to shelter them that they may be able to call it home. It would be bearable for this paper to tackle the vast issue if it will limit the coverage to a certain area which in this case, the city of New York and discuss homelessness in new light; that is, instances where people chose to be homeless because the solution available to people is not better than being homeless than being homeless is better than the proposed solution.
This interaction may lead to disagreement due to diverse perceptions on how to attend things and when they should be done among others. These disagreements led to the introduction of theories, which try to elucidate why people in a certain society may be in a state of conflict.
Reports indicate that contagious and respiratory diseases have been rampant among the homeless people. Moreover, due to poor living conditions, homeless people suffer from other types of diseases caused by poor hygiene. Homelessness as a problem is however not a naturally occurring phenomenon.
This research emphasizes that homelessness in the United States is very important and essential issue. After years of economic decline and war, the ranks of homelessness have increased significantly to include families with children (35%), persons fleeing domestic violence (30%), the mentally ill (20-25%), children (25%), and military veterans (23%).
Another definition of homelessness is when an individual does not have an appropriate accommodation alternative and if their current living status meets the following arrangements; the living place is inadequate, has no tenure or the tenure is very short and does not
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