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Later, the paper will outline some of the possible solutions to the adverse effects of the enactment of the policy.
Enactment of the one-child policy caused a lot of dilemmas for individuals, couples and the society at large. Women had to bear the burden of losing children through abortions and infanticides. On the other hand, women who choose to keep their children were faced with stigmatization and discrimination in the society. The fines enacted upon an unlawful birth were economically costly to the family (Roy, Blomqvist and Clark, 16). Besides raising a child in stigma, cost of raising the child, couples had to pay government fines. Human trafficking and kidnapping of women to marry them off destroyed their dignity. The policy caused polarization and tension in the society between the administrators and the society.
An open letter written to President Xi Jinxing during the 34th anniversary of China’s one child policy the writer refers to the policy as barbaric. The policy is said to have caused millions of women devastating pain. The policy is further accused of being the only legal policy that caused more violence against women and girls. Reports of the effects of the policy often flaunt news headlines: “Chinese Mother, fined $54,200 for Flouting One-child Policy,” as posted on MSCBN world news website. A case is reported of a student who delivered in the University washrooms and stuffed her baby down the toilet pipe before fleeing the scene. Cases of forced abortion and suicide or murder as a result of the dispute with a family planning official over fines are numerous in China.
There is a notable gradual decrease in the fertility rate, birth rate and consequently a decrease in population growth in China. The number of children in an urban household is averagely one and two for the rural households (Hong 2). The policy compels women to have children in later stages
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However, due to increasing concerns of rural unstableness, liberal relaxations of Chinese rural policies were announced between 1984 and 1989. Under one-child policy, a couple from urban area can have only one -child whereas a couple from rural area may have two kids if the first kid is a girl.
Experts who were part of the implementation argue that it was only introduced as a temporary measure to halt the rise in population growth. While this intention cannot be questioned the implementation of the policy over the years has resulted in an imbalance within the population both within the male and female gender as well as between the older and younger generation.
Sharp evaluation of this policy, opposition and praise have emanated from various individuals and groups. The policy has been implemented within China with significant success. This has led to a sharp drop in the growth of the Chinese population. Criticisms have been staged from the international community against this policy because it has been viewed as a direct violation of fundamental human rights (Chow, Esther and Zhao 35).
One-Child policy has been a controversial state issue over the last thirty years. Chinese legislatures have shown that this policy has been of significance in controlling China’s population, which was growing at an alarming rate over the past decades. They have indicated that One-Child policy has prevented over 250 million births between 1979 and 2000 (Goh 12).
This paper seeks to discuss impacts of China's one child policy, especially on gender imbalance and on the social pressure of the only child. The people of China have since admitted that there has been a reduction in the growth of population, however, gender imbalance has resulted heavily from all corners of the nation.
China's compulsory one-child population policy was initially established based on the 1980 population factors. The factors included signs of overpopulation (Chen 403). During this time, the people were happy with the revision of China’s prior cultural concepts.
Nonetheless, in a number of instances, parents or guardians fade extreme difficulties in their existence and require assistance to provide sufficient care for their children. If parents and guardians receive quality and sensible support during these periods, children are more probable to experience well-being and safety, and households have the chance to stay intact.
Actually, during the 1970s, China had introduced a two-child policy to curb the rapid population growth (Von 4). Practically, one-child policy in China has been formulated for three decades now, and most couples are expected to have only one child, with the exception of ethnic minorities and rural residents to have more than one child (Zhai and Gao 746).
This issue is argued with indication to the nurses’ responsibility. The suffering child along with the parents needs to cope with the state from the illness’ early phases. The nursing staffs should endeavor to alleviate and soothe both the
The policy restricts families to have only one child in an effort to control the population. The aim of the policy was to relieve from the pressure of a rapidly growing population. The government believed the one-child policy was a step towards a high rate of
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