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In the context of social theory, class is a group of people having similar characteristics. Marx’s two-class system has a distinct appearance with limited variables (Levine, 2006). In this light, his definition in the political and social realms make it clear for rational interests interested in comparison of one society to another. Evidently, this is different from Weber’s properties that present the pillars of class into four main areas. Certainly, this includes the white-collar workers, properties upper class, manual working class and the petty bourgeoisie. The properties upper class in this regards refers to people with the ability to own or have a political influence over the people in lesser classes.
Weber’s view of life chances is clearly different from Marx’s focus on the same. For example, Weber believes a person’s life position determine the future. As a result, the chances of enjoying a better life depend on high social status. In this regards, the relationship between materials and idealism presents a platform for describing Weber’s view of social stratification. In as much as it appears sensible, Marx does not share the feeling. The far focused capitalist believe oppression and alienation are existing contributors to social stratification. According to him, the standards of relationships are directly tied to division of labour. Despite the differences in opinion, the two share the oppressive nature of social stratification. Both believe material position and standard of living motivate class conflicts experienced in the society. Last but importantly, Marx separated social class from economic possession contrary to Weber, who merges the two explain the fundamental relationships in the society. In essence, Marx and Weber present differences in explaining social class, but also share certain ideas.
Karl Marx’s historical materialism traces to Hegel’s view of
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In their German ideology, they argued that philosophy had a tendency of turning reality upside down hence distorting external reality. They argued peoples perceptions are filtered through economic and material lenses hence “ideas and beliefs symbolize our economic class relations and experiences that we have with others in society” (Morrison, 2006 p.
In this regard different schools of thought have produced different time points. One school thinks that postmodernity started at the late 20th century. They have argued that postmodernity started at the early 1990s or early 1980s. But other schools of thought have argued that the postmodernity is not yet realised and it is just a development of modernity.
Topic of this paper is “New Liberalism and an explanation why 1906-1914 liberal government has introduced social welfare measures”. This paper aims to discuss the given topic in the light of researchers’ findings and opinions of expert philosophers.
According to Machiavelli, the only task for rulers is to maintain power and ensure success for government hence his famous quote that “the ends justify the means” (Machiavelli, 1996 p. 60). The end in this case is the success of the state and the ruler should use whatever means possible even if it means compromising his/her values or morals to achieve it.
One of the key social issues, which have a considerable impact on American society, is racial discrimination. The essay describes the key aspects of three viewpoints and analyses the social issue, i.e. racial discrimination from one theoretical viewpoint.
(Steven Seidmen, pp 88-92, 1999)
Anthony Gidden gave one of the best theory termed to be known as "Gidden's structuration theory". In order to avoid and in order to not make a habbit of dualism, mechanism, determinism and reductionism a superlative concept of social self organization system was introduced which was some how a need for the society.
There is a lot of confusion bordering to chaos, mainly because there is a lot of dogmatism, wild assertions and misrepresentations prevailing in the field. Over-simplification of some of the sound theories has diluted their dimensions beyond recognition. This means that further ongoing research is necessary in the field and that research cannot be conducted in isolation of one another.
By way of example, in the agrarian era a farmer who raised his own crops might sell one portion of the crops in order to produce revenue, but he would he also subsist on a portion of them. An industrialized farmer today growing corn for the purpose of selling the syrup to a soft drink company does not expect to also subsist on the crop he produces.
One of the most notable political and social theorist is Nicollo Machiavelli (1469-1527). He existed during the Italian Renaissance when Italy was governed by use of various independent city-states. His notable political theory is the prince written for Lorenzo Medici as
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