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After this, the counsellor helps the person to re-story and externalize the problem. In this multi-storied approach, the professional seeks to isolate the problem from the client and empower them to identify the best solution to the problem (Payne & Campling, 2005). In this approach, each patient is treated uniquely as it works on the beliefs that unique personal characteristics influence the treatment procedures.
Social workers find this method useful owing to its various strengths. One strength of this method is that it isolates the problem from the person and uses the experiences of the person to judge the nature of the problem. White & Epston (1990) identify that the person is not the problem but the problem is the problem itself. This kind of approach seems to separate the person and the problem, deliberately giving them the confidence to handle the problem differently (Hinton-Bayre, 2008). Thus, it is possible for the nurse to work hand in hand with the client in diffusing the problem. Secondly, this approach empowers the client to be independent and gives them the confidence to work against their problems in future (White & Epston, 1990). Thus, the social worker can give immunity to the person in future by helping them to be potential problem solvers in future.
On the other, the method exhibits weakness especially while dealing with a large number of clients that have similar problems. This emanates from the basic assumption that it is impossible to address the people using the same approach owing to their unique attitudes, experiences and understandings (Connolly & Harms, 2012). For large crowds, it would be quite a tiresome task to listen to the narrations and to provide specialized approaches to problem solution. Therefore, this method will work quite inefficiently is such a situation. Also, the approach
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Cognitive therapy IV. Anti discriminatory practice/ anti oppressive practice A. Analysis of class, gender, and social disadvantage of the client is inherent to praxis intervention. V. Managing risk A. Contact with Mr. Lucian as well as Mrs. Lucian B. Contact with governmental domestic violence and child protective services VI.
Learning diversifies the idea of using cognitive theories to show that people use their I.Q. to formulate issues. Learning in terms of Cognitive Theory shows that education is a matter of logistics. One of the assumptions of this theory is that people hold sense that is viable in learning.
The Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) is a scion of Social Learning Theory (SLT) which traces its origins to the 1800s. But it was not until mid19th century that the theory gaining popularity within the behavioral and social psychology circles, through the efforts of a behavior scholar known as Albert Bandura.
The subject focuses on what people perceive from hearing and vision, how individuals think, how they respond to a stimuli and how much they recall and retain after a lesson. Cognitive-behavioral remedy also closely correlates with linguistics, neuroscience, and philosophy.
The theory replaces previous conditioning or reinforcement theories by perceiving individuals as more purposeful decision makers, as they strive for balance in their beliefs. Cognitive dissonance theory applies to circumstances involving attitude formation and change.
Albert Bandura, a cognitive theorist in the area of social learning offered the theory that emotions and memory blended with environmental forces to influence a persons thoughts and judgment hence personality influence.The classic bobo doll experiment offered some great insights into observational learning and modelling of personality.(The children who watched the model aggressively kicking the doll with a hammer imitated the behaviour with precision).
Anti-oppressive practice assumes that all examples of oppression arise in hierarchical relationships. While research suggests that most do, some discrimination and harassment comes from peers and from those without other forms of power. (Glossary of Social Care Terms, 2006)
Counseling refers to the psychological assistance on issues affecting one psychologically. Therefore, psychology simply refers to the study of human and animal behavior where it is taken as what people do with fillings, perceptions, memories, emotions, and reasoning. Psychology is mainly based on empirical experiments and observations and not opinion or assumptions.
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