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However, social inequality is still a nagging problem in many societies around the world, which is yet to be addressed and resolved. This work aims to focus on three important theoretical perspectives on social class; Marxism, Weber and Functionalism.
Marx’s idea of social class can be traced back to the publication of his principles in the Communist Manifesto which was created in collaboration with Friedrich Engles. Ferrante notes that according to Marx’s manifesto, industrialisation and mechanisation resulted in a change in the labour process, and this led to the formation of a class divide between individuals who claimed ownership of the means of production and the working class who had no control over the means of production (161). The ones who owned are called “the bourgeoisie” and the working class is called “the proletariat”. Browne opines that if the bourgeoisie are the people who own the means of production, they also are the people who own key resources which are essential for fulfilling society’s demand for goods and services (400). In accordance with the Marxist perspective, this situation leads to the accumulation of profits in the hands of the bourgeoisie. When these profits are not shared with the working class, the differences in wealth grow. This situation promotes social inequality because of sizeable differences in assets, finances, income and wealth (Browne 401). An interesting aspect of Marx’s theory of social class is that as bourgeoisies enjoy superior social standing, they have the opportunity to impose their views and decisions on other members of society. The result of this phenomenon is that it puts the proletariat in a state of ‘false consciousness’ in which they are unable to understand their own true interests (Browne 401).
On the other hand, Weber’s view on social class claims that an individual’s position in the social class system is decided by various
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Recognition of this condition as highlights of clinical and sociological research has produced awareness to our generation of the existence of such developmental disability. It is of utmost urgency and importance that local, national and worldwide level of discussions be given about this topic to mobilize mitigation actions and management.
This paper is aimed at providing a comparative study of sociological theories versus biological and psychological explanation of deviance. Sociological theories are different from the two, while the two affect the intrinsic characters of a person; sociology affects the outside character of a person.
To develop the default setting on the society, social imagination is needed to develop other means by which other factors are incorporated in social circles. In an argument by Wright-Mills (2000), social imagination is voluntary way in which society members are enabled to embrace new ways in which they could make their lives more comfortable.
The author states that there is stereotyping in the idea that poor people are lazy. However, he proves that poor people have stronger work ethics and substantial motivation than the middle class. Moreover, most poor families have at least one of the parents working, which attests that they are indeed not lazy.
The idea of the popular culture has particularly fascinated many theorists who have either supported or criticized the ideas put forward by Marxist theories. The Frankfurt school of critical theory and the Birmingham school subcultural theorist is among the schools of sociologists that have reacted to Marxists idea of the popular culture.
It is no wonder that through the years, immigrant population in the United States has been growing. In 2006, the US saw the largest immigrant share the country has had since 1920 with one in every eight residents of the US was
e’s home or habitat that impress themselves upon the mind, but also the social groups, traditions and movements into which a person is born or falls into. Henslin explains this standpoint: “In short, people don’t do what they do because of inherited internal mechanisms,
religion as the purpose of their research because they thought it was easy to adapt than any other conviction, which led to a better understanding of religion (Durkheim 12). This implied that people saw a vital and stable aspect of humanity. Durkheim noted how scholars used
Appearance is, in reality, a form of communication and a majority of people’s manifestation like how they dress, as well as carry themselves, does tell a lot regarding their social class. Clothing can be seriously tied to a person’s social