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Through his work, one will realize that the two influenced each other but Mead established most of the contributions of the original theories. This theory is referred to as the development of self-realization through establishment of communication. This work has helped Jurgen Habermas to come up with his own theories in the recent years. Some of meads works have been surrounded on the development theories based on metaphysics and actions of nature. These actions are related to temporality and emergence of issues in the present and future being influenced by the present occurrence (Mead and Filipe 34). His contribution to the scholar’s works is titled Mind, Self, and Society from the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist. This made him famous but was published after he had died.
He was born George Herbert Mead in 1863 on the 27th day of February in South Hadley, Massachusetts. His mother Elizabeth Storrs Billings was a reputable religious woman who was also a teacher. He was the son of Hiram Mead who worked in Congregational Church as a minister before moving his family to Ohio in 1869. This was contributed to his interest in engaging in the faculty at The Oberlin Theological Seminary. He was offered a post of chairing Pastoral Theology and Sacred Rhetoric during the time he was teaching homiletics. From 1879 to 1883, Mead attended Oberlin College and matriculated to Harvard from 1887 to 1888. While he was in Harvard, he had the opportunity of studying with Josiah Royce who is a philosopher that inspired majority of his work (Mead and Anselm 18). He also met with William James though they never studied together. After the death of his father, his mother took over from him and taught at Oberlin for almost two years. In 1890, she later transferred from the school to become the president at Mount Holyoke College up to 1900.
Mead had a different perception from his parents as he decided to become a non-believer and a naturalist after he had
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In a world where arranged marriages are no longer the norm, especially in Western society, there is an increased responsibility for people to know themselves well in order to make healthy choices for something as important as marriage. Arranged marriages were made in the past to protect family interests with regards to assets and the family lineage, inheritance, and social position; this is no longer the case.
The scientists who believe in nature think that the personality of a person is based on genetic predisposition. Nurture, on the other hand, refers to the personal experiences. The scientists believe in empiricism or behavioralism. Personal experiences or nurture determine the individual differences in physical and behavioural traits.
There are different perspectives as there are sociologists regarding this contradictory issue. However, most agree that there is no pure individuality; rather, individuals interact with society structures to form identities. Theories of child development especially the symbolic interactionism serves to explain this phenomenon of development of self in society (Browne, 2006; Cooley, 2005; Mead, 2005; O’Brien, 2005).
Clearly, such macro factors as legitimate prevailing ideology maintained in a society by groups endowed with power, and means of attribution of deviant status to people are directly involved into the phenomenon of social deviance.
In his essay, Self in the Society he considered Social Psychology as the discipline that "studies the activity or behavior of the individual as it lies within the social process. The behavior of an individual can be understood only in terms of the behavior of the whole social group of which he is a member, since his individual acts are involved in larger, social acts which go beyond him and which implicate the other members of that group." Mead suggested that individual experience be dealt with "from the standpoint of society, at least from the standpoint of communication as essential to the social order." Mead also concluded that human thought arises when there are "symbols, vocal gestures
eractionism is formulated by George Mead, an American Philosopher and German sociologist Max Weber, who believed that this is a process of interaction and the creation of meanings formulated by individuals. Herbert Blumer, a follower of these theorists, thinks that environment
mbolic interactionism is an aspect of the social psychological theory that analyses the patterns and methods of communication, how information is perceived or interpreted by the receiver when communicated and the necessary adjustments that should exist between two endpoints
This paper explains and compares both of the arguments. Mead explains the developments of self and self-consciousness are the result of the individual’s experience (Mead 1). He explains that the self is a process rather than a product and it is a
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