The setting represents oppression through signifying control and seclusion, while the characters demonstrate strict gender norms and roles. Mrs. Hale describes the house as not “cheerful” because of John Wright’s presence in it. The bird is Minnie’s only source of happiness, and even that is taken away from her. John controls his wife too much that she loses free will, and so she is unhappy and lonely. The house is also located “down in a hollow and you don’t see the road,” which represents seclusion. Minnie is in a hollow, and she soon becomes hollow too. Aside from the setting, characters are important in describing the lifelong effects of patriarchy on women’s psyche. Society destroys Minnie’s humanity because of how her husband treats her. Wright changes her from being a figurative and literal singing bird to a lonesome, discontented wife. Mrs. Hale remembers her as Minnie Foster who wears “pretty clothes” and sings in the choir. After being married, Minnie is no longer Minnie, but Mrs. Wright. The title defines her existence and curtails her being. It saddens me that her gender roles and norms are so ingrained in her that in jail, all she wants is her apron, a symbol of domesticity. She might have killed her oppressor, but she is still imprisoned as a wife.