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Electronic voting systems refer to a term that engross numerous and distinct forms of voting that embrace electronic ways of casting and counting votes. Electronic voter system offers advantages and disadvantages to voters and authorities when compared with other voting systems…
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Advantages, disadvantages and impact of Electronic Voting Systems Electronic voting systems refer to a term that engross numerous and distinct forms of voting that embrace electronic ways of casting and counting votes. Electronic voter system offers advantages and disadvantages to voters and authorities when compared with other voting systems. This makes the impact of the electronic voter system intertwine between the advantages and disadvantages.
Electronic voter system saves on time as it expedites the voting process, particularly where advance voting is in consideration. After casting their votes, the voters have not to go back to the voting poll and acquire a stamp on their ballots and wait for the election clerk to register them in a record of the people who have voted. Additionally, Haupt (2004) denotes that the voters do not need to wait for their ballot papers to be stamped by the election officials in order to drop them in the ballot box.
According to Kremer et al (2010), electronic voter systems have a heightened security and reliability than the other voting systems. In essence, an electronic vote is conveyed and channeled fast, reliably, and safely into the federal electronic ballot box. As a result, introduction of electronic voter system into a nation makes it possible for people to vote anywhere, irrespective of the voters’ residence. Debatably, this also makes voting accessible to the people with disabilities.
Electronic voter registration reduces some of the errors that may be present in a manual voting system. For instance, in electronic voter system there are reduced voting faults since the identification data of the selected candidate appears on the screen before confirming the vote (Haupt, 2008). As a result, electronic voter system brings about a sense of integrity and impartiality among the voters and the citizens.
Electronic voting system cuts down and alters the work of the authorities considerably. In this regard, it leads to reduced costs through less personnel required in the voting process. As a result, electronic voting system does away with such functions such as stamping of ballot papers and filling the voter register.
Despite the benefits that accrue to the voters and the authorities, Jefferson et al (2004) argue that the electronic voter system has some drawbacks that include security concerns, virus such as Trojan, and inequality.
Security is one of the major drawbacks of the electronic voter system. So far, hackers are the major security threats to any electronic system not only in to organizations and firms but also to the electronic voter system. Electronic voter system operates just like a website or a software and can be broken into and modified by hackers (Kremer et al, 2010). Consequently, the computers and machines can be physically meddled with software that can interrupt and modify the results of the election.
Though the electronic voting system may be accessible to many people, it may be inaccessible to the people who cannot afford the software and equipments for the voting process (Haupt, 2008). Needless to say, people who cannot use the computer facilities may not acquire their privileged to vote. This creates inequality problem.
Virus can immensely damage the electronic voter system. Though the server can be safeguarded using some operating systems and antivirus, the personal computers may not be susceptible to virus infection, which may affect not only the computer but also its web browser (Jefferson et al, 2004). This may contravene the privacy of the secret ballot, and diminish the impartiality of the election process.
References
Jefferson, D., Rubin, A. D., Simons, B., & Wagner, D. (2004). A security Analysis of the Secure Electronic Registration and Voting Experiment. New York Times.
Kremer, S., Mark, R., & Smyth, B. (2010). Election Verifiability in electronic Voting Protocols. ESORICS10: 15th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, (6345), 389-405.
Haupt, T. (2008, October 29). Electronic Voting: What is Good and What is Bad. Yahoo Voices. Retrieved February 17, 2013, from http://voices.yahoo.com/electronic-voting-good-bad-2085596.html?cat=59 Read More
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