Download file to see previous pages...
As I have noticed, this affects the way I relate to people and even the people with whom I share my personal issues. According to the concept of self-social location, position in society greatly affects how people view us. In “The Code of the Streets,” Anderson states that, “The person whose very appearance-- including his clothing, demeanor, and way of moving--deters transgressions feels that he possesses, and may be considered by others to possess, a measure of respect” (Ferguson and Ferguson 70).
The agents of socialization range on a wide spectrum from those that affect our immediate ambiances to an extensive turf. The direct agent of socialization is the family. A family is fundamentally a unit of people living together. Relations can be either nuclear or extended. Families greatly define us as individuals and in most cases the physiognomies we possess are largely derived from immediate family. There is inimitable relation between family and culture, which on its own is an agent of socialization. Cultural practices vary among different cultural settings, and sometimes interrelations are hindered by differences in cultural orientations.
Having grown up in a relatively well-off family, I went to a good school. Schools define social status among many households and different individuals from different social status may literally not be on the same folio. Part of what defines socialization is being able to share ideologies. For instance, differences in systems of education create a barrier to this and thus socialization among these groups is hindered. As people grow, they tend to have preferences in the type of people they hang out. Social groupings or peer groups is therefore, a different agent of socialization. Peer groups define individuals, and depending on social status or even nurturing, peer groups can define the people we eventually turn out to be later in life.
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
It started its operation in 1849 as the Australian Mutual Provident Society. It was a non-profit organization which worked as a life insurance provider. The major twist came when AMP demutualized in 1998 and got listed in Australia and New Zealand stock exchanges.
The actions of one of the individuals in a society not only affect the individual, but also the society as a whole. In this respect, therefore, there have been many attempts to explain the concepts governing the intentions and actions of an individual. For instance, sociologists have postulated numerous theories in an attempt to define an individual’s actions in relation to the society.
Critical Review on the Practical Consciousness as the Constitution of Society. Sociology is a study that deals with the society and its components. It inspects behaviors, norms, and principles that constitute a society. People’s actions are also examined that lead to the development of classical theories.
Giddens suggested that human agency and social structure are in relationships with one another and that repeating actions by individual agents produces the social structure. He held that social structure comprises of moral codes, institutions, conventions and traditional methods of doing things.
Agency refers to the autonomy enjoyed by individuals in decision making, hence perform every action out of their own will. On the other hand, structure refers to a system of repeated patterns and arrangements which often influences an individual’s choice.
In accordance with the issues discussed in the paper we all are somewhat bound and restricted by the constraints of our surroundings and its contexts. At the same time, we as moral beings should also make sure that we exercise our power/choice to act in a responsible manner by taking the right path.
By analysing the ownership structure of the firm, agency theory provides an explanation for firm failure and performance. In theory, the alignment of interests between the principals (owners) and agents (managers) entails agency costs that affect firm value, so firm value can be maximised to the extent that principals and agents minimise agency costs.
This controversy is termed as the “structure-agency debate” which has been defined as “the disagreement as to whether human behaviour is determined and constrained by normed social structures” or is the result of an individual’s characterisitcs and will
Structure on the other hand describes the prevailing structured plans that are aimed at driving individuals to have limited choices and scarce opportunities. Structure sells the idea of socialism while agency calls for autonomy. The question on which is better has brought heated debates among the renowned sociologists.