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pitals are for giving health care, latent encompass unnoticeable functions for example while in the university, students can create social and professional networks (Tischler, 2011). Dysfunction refers to the negative impacts as a result of social disorder. Functionalism has been criticised for its conservative nature and resistance to change.
Conflict theory was established by Karl Marx who argued that the struggle of power and social climax has brought change in the society where some individuals benefit in the expense of the ordinary citizens. Social discrimination is evident. Interactionist perspective deals with the micro groups in the society. Tischler (2011), states that human behaviours are explained by the objects and symbols they attach to their daily lives. Interaction is found between people who live within the same neighbourhood and those who work together. Interactionist view is criticized for its focus on individualism rather than the whole society.
All components of the society are interrelated where dysfunction in one results in collapse of the whole system. Social discrimination is brought about by few individuals who are selfish and hungry for power. Tischler explains that creation of social classes results into to unending conflicts which can only be solved through equitable distribution of resources; healthcare facilities, education and employment opportunities (2011).
Conflict perspective has been supported because brings out how power is abused by the politicians and those hold high offices. Sexual harassment is realised in job market as a result of sex for job. People are discriminated because of their social status. Misuse of human labour through slavery and violence within homes is also brought out in this view. Conflict countries worldwide has been as a result of hunger for power as seen from many individuals who do not want to step aside for new leaders which has put many states in political wrangles (Tischler, 2011).
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Functionalists and conflict theorists interpret the role of religion differently in a society. Functionalists believe that religion is a prominent entity in society which helps the society in obeying certain fundamental norms of the society.
Abortion is an extremely complex issue that filled with both support and conflict. To abortion, there are no easy answers. However, abortion and recent developments in New York serve as an ideal subject on which to delve into the theories of sociology. Thus, it is not always, about whether abortion is right or wrong, or moral or immoral, but about how abortion uniquely adheres to the functionalist, conflict and interactionist perspective.
Over the years, sociology has emerged as a separate and distinct field of study, which only became possible by allowing it to develop a working set of perspectives. Following are the three most important perspectives in the field of sociology, interactionism, functionalism, and conflict theory (Ferrante & Caldeira, 2010).
Sometimes such approaches attempt to subscribe to concrete interpretations, while at other times they prefer to amount to sweeping generalizations. In other words, sociologists try to analyze and interpret society and social phenomenon at all levels, right from the specific events affiliated to a micro level analysis of small social patterns, to the larger pictures subservient to a macro analysis of much bigger patterns existing in societies.
Sometime life depends on efforts put, while sometime chances. However, through the study of sociological phenomena, we can predict actions, gesture, words, behaviours and other aspect socialization. This document will look into the three sociological theories and their significance to education.
As a central institution of society (Thornton and Freedman, 1983, p. 3), family has been included in many of significant theories and models of Sociology. A discussion of the perspectives of two of these, Functionalism and Feminism, will illustrate how differently two approaches can interpret and explain such a fundamental unit of society.
The above experience is just a picture of what has been experienced by people inflicted with a deadly eating disorder known as anorexia nervosa (Greek: “nervous loss of appetite” (Reddy, 2008)). Awake! (1999) stated that ‘according to one estimate, up to 1 out of 100 American females develops anorexia nervosa as a teenager or young adult’.
As our family aged and matured, our relationships changed with time due to our personal experiences with one another. We now have a complex set of definitions that we attach to certain words, gestures, or implications. This is how we interact with each other and maintain a cohesive family unit.
Conflict theories represent perspectives in which sociologist use to analyze the political, social and material inequalities in social groups. Symbolic interactionism postulates that people gravitate towards entities that are based on the innate meaning held by those things; these meanings are obtained from social interaction and modified through interpretation.
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