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This law provides for the screening of foster parents for children for any cases of past child abuse; thus protecting children from sexual exploitation and violent home environment. The Act requires cooperation across states in enforcing of screening procedures and maintains the privacy and integrity of reports of child abuse by preventing unauthorized access. In addition, other stakeholders like the Attorney General and the Human and Health Services are expected to cooperate in detection, recording and prosecution of cases of child abuse.
This law is enforceable since all stakeholders have a role to play; therefore, each will maintain the necessary checks on others to ensure that all is done for the wellbeing of children. Moreover, since it applies to all states, it ensures uniformity throughout the United States since the interpretation of the law is universally similar. The law would be effective if all stakeholders did their duties with the wellbeing of children as the primary concern; however, they cannot be depended on to do so and that is why this law may not be successful. For instance, many cases of child abuse are never reported, and using fingerprint screening and previous records is an ineffective Endeavour that may succeed in reducing cases but not eliminating them altogether (Childwelfare.gov).
Recommendation. Other approaches to screening of foster parents should be included in the law, including holding consultations with local religious and administrative figures to identify any unreported cases of child abuse.
Under this Act, states should ensure safe placement of foster children originating from within their border. This means that regardless of the destination state, the originating state for foster children would be responsible for their wellbeing. States should ensure timely placement of children by adhering to the 60 - 75 days of submitting results for home study requests from other
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In general, many agencies and governments have voiced their concerns regarding child abuse and have suggested drastic measures. However, most people do not realize the severity of child abuse and even some do not realize that they are actually abusing children.
In the year 1996, it was reported that approximately 4.3 percent of children younger than 18 years of age were victims of child maltreatment in the United States (McDonald, 2007). The unofficial numbers are much higher and experts have predicted that 2- 10 million cases of child abuse can occur every year (Lawson, 2009).
Baby bodily injuries ranges from severe fractures, burns bruises and in extreme cases death. These injuries are caused by punching, kicking, throwing, hitting and punching. Sexual abuse includes indecent exposure, rape, fondling of genitals, penetration and early exposure to prostitution.
In the year 2000, 5 million cases of suspected child abuse were reported (Prevent Child Abuse America, 2003; qtd. in Lambie, 2005). Other shocking revelations of the statistics by Prevent Child Abuse America (2003; qtd. in Lambie, 2005) are that about 3- 5 children
Also, while trying to cope with the thoughts of the abuse, their conditioning in the environment and for the environment becomes maladaptive and leads to acquisition of many health and psychological problems. They become
Child neglect had the highest cases, followed by physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse. Although physical abuse of children is the leading killer with at least four children dying per day, child abuse is
While child abuse has received much attention in the current world These non-genuine cases causes distraction from the real cases which needs much attention. The misreported cases also milk away resource and time that could have been used more meaningfully to investigate and solve the genuine abuse.
says it is “part of the broader concept of psychological abuse or maltreatment against children” (qtd.in Brendgen et al. 26). This affects the way a child perceives himself, relates with other people, or even performs. Consequently,
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