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He however pointed out that among the two candidates it is Obama who seem to be the one who can introduce reforms on the policies on imprisonment of drug offenders given his background. Obama co-sponsored the Second Chance Act which provides support of up to $360 million to inmates released (Navarrette , par 10).
Using the labeling theory to analyze this article, one observes that the problem with our society is we consider all offenders of crimes pertaining to drugs as hardcore criminals. This being the case, even the young nonviolent drug offenders are imprisoned; thus, contributing to the growing number of prisoners in the US. This is the reason why America has 25 percent of prisoners worldwide (Navarrette , par 2).
One thinks that the reason behind America’s stern action against drug offenders is that these people are labeled as persons who have already committed a crime; thus, the probability of committing another crime is high because he has proven to be without “respect of the law” (Becker 81). They are already considered deviants even with one offense only. This labeling of drug offenders as being criminals makes it difficult for them to be accepted by society once they are released from prison. There is a stigma attached to them because they are now ex-convicts. Companies will not accept them because they are considered deviants and as such cannot be trusted to take on jobs. If either McCain or Obama will be successful at providing support for these ex-prisoners, then it would be easier for them to assimilate back to society. Support for these ex-inmates can be in the form of counseling, job training and placement. Recidivism will be greatly reduced if a support system is in place for these offenders.
Because of the stereotyping of ex-prisoners, there is also a need to look deeply into the incarceration policies
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(Juvenile Delinquincy Class Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Juvenile Delinquincy Class Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1581569-juvenile-delinquincy-class.
This group tends to use illegal substances in conjunction with social activities and within peer groups. The third grouping of juvenile substance users is the group that spends an inordinate amount of time obtaining drugs or alcohol however, is still able to function within society.
Status offending is behaviors and acts only that are only committed by juveniles such as running away and truancy. Status offending also includes acts that are lawful for adults but illegal for children such as sexual intimacy and drinking alcohol. Smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol and sexual intimacy is legal for adults thus not offense (Elrod and Ryder 362).
"Juvenile Probation Officers are responsible for the guidance and supervision of juveniles between the ages of 10 through 17 years who are referred by local police departments, agencies or private citizens as a result of having committed a crime which is considered to be an offense or a felony.
'The homeless adolescents have their "basic training" in coercive/abusive families and will carry this interaction pattern into the street, thereby setting in motion a negative chain of events.'(Xiaojin Chen ; Kimberly A. Tyler ; Les B. Whitbeck ; Dan R. Hoyt, p 1-22)
These recommendations take the place of ridding entirely of the juvenile court system and subjected criminal youths to the existing court system that deals with of-age offenders.
However, Feld dismisses these other options because he feels
The Juvenile Justice Charter School offers counseling, mental health services and anger management classes. Individuals are opted to enter the Vocational Education Program offered by San Jacinto College as well as attend drug and
criminality in the case of young offenders is to a great extent dependant on the identification of causal factors that make a young offender to continue with crime or to relinquish criminal behavior (Savitz et al., 1962). Most of the researches carried on with young offenders
Differently treated from adult offenders, juveniles are not accused of crimes but with misbehaviors; they are considered innocent and adjudicated offenders; they do not go to prison but to a reformatory or