Nobody downloaded yet

Social Psychology of Organisations - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Attitudes and perceptions change frequently. It is often asserted by many psychologists that attitudes are dependant upon the organisational structures and settings. These may vary from culture to culture while many psychological processes are considered to be consistent across cultures; the operation of these processes is a function of culture…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.3% of users find it useful
Social Psychology of Organisations
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Social Psychology of Organisations"

Download file to see previous pages Certain goals might be salient because they are chronically or temporarily accessible for some individuals. For example, the attitude object of an individual may be associated in his memory with a particular motive, causing the motive to be chronically accessible when the object is present. Alternatively, temporary features of the immediate situation may be associated in memory with a particular motive. For instance, the presence of credit card logos or money might activate utilitarian motivations to pursue wealth, and this motive might be particularly strong in a person who is surrounded by others wearing expensive clothing. These are all the influences of various attitudes on individuals.
Wiggins (1965) argued that personalities are forged by social roles and social interactions. Work roles and work role interactions occur later in our lives than do social roles and social role interactions, but many enter the world of work via part-time and temporary work in their early teens. (Brett & Drasgow, 2002, p. 8)
According to Brett & Drasgow "Attitudes are composed of affective, belief, and behaviour components. In some way, these elements coexisted as part of the attitude construct. Current thinking reconfigures this relationship. It appears more useful to say that attitudes are summary evaluations that are formed by affective experiences with the attitude object, beliefs about the object, and behaviours directed toward the object. Each of these former elements of attitude can be seen as a different piece of information that helps form the attitude. Attitude operations are consistent with this structure. Basic attitude measures ask respondents to place the attitude object along a scale of evaluation. That evaluation is the attitude". (Brett & Drasgow, 2002, p. 84)

Seminal theories of attitude function in context with organisational structure provide some clues about potentially influential motivations. Smith et al. (1956) suggested that attitudes could serve object-appraisal, social-adjustment, and externalisation functions. The object-appraisal function encompasses the ability of attitudes to summarise the positive and negative characteristics of objects in our environment. In other words, attitudes enable people to approach things that are beneficial for them and avoid things that are harmful to them. Similarly in an organisational setting, attitudes refer to the social-adjustment function, and are served by approaches that help us identify with well-regarded individuals and dissociate from disliked individuals. For example, people often like and purchase styles of clothing that are worn by celebrities. The externalisation function is served by attitudes that defend the self against internal conflict. For instance, a poor squash player might grow to dislike the game because it threatens his or her self-esteem.

The need for affect also predicts involvement in a real-life, emotion-inducing situation, even when the situation elicits negative emotions. For example, in one study, British participants were asked to complete an open-ended questionnaire assessing their cognitive, affective, and behavioural reactions to the death of Princess Diana, approximately three months following her death (Maio & Esses, 2001). Because the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Social Psychology of Organisations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
Social Psychology of Organisations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1529030-social-psychology-of-organisations
(Social Psychology of Organisations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
Social Psychology of Organisations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1529030-social-psychology-of-organisations.
“Social Psychology of Organisations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1529030-social-psychology-of-organisations.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Social psychology
Many scientists and scholars have done great volume of studies to prove that psychology is a more than a disorder of the mind; and more importantly, it is a total of responses to the requirement of changes forced by biological and social reasons that form part of individual development.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Social Psychology
Ontology is concerned with how we exist in nature and describes what it is like to be human. In a social environment, there are many methods that are used to determine the richness and complexity of people's lives which create a healthy environment and many factors that create a distorted unhealthy environment.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Social Psychology
As an academic discipline and practice, psychology encompasses different approaches that help in the study of metal behaviors, processes, and functions. These approaches or sub-fields include clinical, biological, developmental, educational, and social psychology, among others (Myers, et al., 2010).
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Social Psychology
As a social science which is focused upon the individual and his or her place in society, social psychology examines both individual actors and society as the focus of scholarly attention. The following will provide a thorough yet concise
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Communication in health and social care organisations
This paper addresses the issue of communication in health and social care organisations. This is by discussing the provision of applicable communication theories, the valuable use of communication skills, and ways of handling wrong
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Social Psychology
Social psychologists have researched and brought significant change and understanding of the way in which we view our world. For example, it is because of
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Social Psychology
The environment and the people around him plays an important role in shaping the thinking and the behavior pattern of human being. Hence, to understand the construction of the society and its impact on human being, it
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Social psychology
t (1985) defined Social Psychology as a discipline “to understand and explain how the thought, feeling and behavior of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of other human beings” (qtd in Cherry). This always interests me, especially when I
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Social Psychology
While sociology is interested in the macro variables of human behaviour, social psychology is interested in the micro variables of behaviour. For instance, sociology would be interested in understanding the mode of dressing
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Social Psychology
In other words, social psychology is a scientific study that mainly focuses on understanding the nature and causes of people’s behavior in a social environment. Moreover, it embraces scientific techniques in order to study how people are socially influenced, their social way of seeing things and their social relationships (Sanderson, 2009).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Social Psychology of Organisations for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us