We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Oscar Newmans Defensible Space - Book Report/Review Example

Comments (0)
Oscar Newman coined the term "Defensible Space" in 1972. Describe what he meant by this and discuss whether or not his concept could be applied to your own work environment. Describe and evaluate some of the subsequent work that has sought to refine Newman's original theories…
Download full paper
Oscar Newmans Defensible Space
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Oscar Newmans Defensible Space

Download file to see previous pages... The publication puts forward arguments debating the breakdown of society and the loss of community values and the consequent negative impact this has had on neighborhoods and how they both react and respond to crime. Based on the principal that pride of place and community cohesion has been replaced by social exclusion, fear of involvement and lack of trust amongst citizens within some local communities, Newman's concept of Defensible Space sought to allocate large public spaces of land for collaborative development and design by the local residents themselves.
Newman piloted his scheme within a number of different communities. In Dayton Ohio smaller neighborhoods were generated within large communities. Street modifications such as cul-de-sacs helped to reduce traffic and crime and cheaper affordable rental properties were developed. In Yonkers, New York large communities of low income families living in high rise apartments were re-housed into more affluent areas. (Newman, 1996)
Results from these studies were mixed and predominantly focused on public housing issues. During the 1970's other similar studies were taking place in different country's that successfully confirmed improvements in design features and the input from local residents could result in a positive reduction in overall crime rates.
Good use of sufficient lighting both externally in the s...
(Taylor, 1998)

Real and symbolic barriers:
Clearly marked residential boundaries with the emphasis on creating smaller, more manageable spaces to encourage pride and self-ownership; including the use of fences, locked gates and high walls.

Residential Surveillance:
Good use of sufficient lighting both externally in the streets and to be placed in Interior spaces including lobbies and stairways. This in turn would generate more of a sense of security and comfort amongst residents at night.

Non-stereotypical buildings for lower income residents:
With the emphasis on using better materials and a more thought out architectural approach to the overall appearance of buildings housing lower socio-economic groups.

Residential housing to be located away from non-threatening areas:
Housing for local residents should not be situated near to large industrial areas, unsafe unlit parklands or large commercial buildings and open spaces that can typically attract insalubrious characters.

The focus of Newman's theories was not however to fight crime, but to defend personal spaces by creating areas that would ultimately promote empowerment and confidence amongst its residents. Pride in domestic ownership. Newman's philosophies developed the notion that simple measures can be taken that effect behavior and attitude, rather than coming into direct conflict with the criminals themselves. Nonetheless Newman did come up for a great deal of criticism with his early research and was accused of staging residential areas or preselecting locations that he knew would respond positively to his theories in practice. That communities demonstrated low crime rates and good neighborhood regeneration without the use of his methods.
The ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
The Picture of Dorian Gray book report
"Oscar Wilde's perfectly charming and witty manner of expression will enchant you in more ways than one. He is a master storyteller and drifts through the story like a gentle summer breeze through odour filled roses, giving you the feeling that you can literally smell the flower he is describing." (Oscar Wilde).
5 Pages(1250 words)Book Report/Review
The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde
He spoke to his audience, the people of the Victorian society, via the actors and pretenders and in doing so, he spoke the truth. The Importance of Being Earnest was first performed on February 14th 1895, at St. James Theatre. During those years the interest in theatre had revived and although the upper echelons still preferred opera yet stage plays drew bigger crowds where both the upper and the working classes flocked enthusiastically.
5 Pages(1250 words)Book Report/Review
The Lesson of Love in Oscar Wildes The Happy Prince
By juxtaposing the swallow-statue pair with less idealistic lovers, he brings out the glow of tenderness between the unconventional pair, and in it lies the mastery of his narrative.However; he does not stop there but successfully manages to convey a deeper message of love, not only to amorous pairs but to the whole of humanity.
4 Pages(1000 words)Book Report/Review
Oscar Wilde
He was considered as the core of a circle of artists and poets which conservative society saw as aesthetes and decadents. He is commonly celebrated for his gay life, but this is merely a single facet in the multitude of personas the complexity that was Oscar Wilde.
20 Pages(5000 words)Book Report/Review
How Private Interests Take over Public Space: Zoning, Taxes, and Incorporation of Gated Communities
The article does an excellent job detailing the variety of tactics that can be taken by groups to control the land they want to (Low). The simplest of these techniques are physical in nature, such as harassment and the
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review
The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao by Junot Diaz
In reference to one of the main character, Oscar de Leon, Valdez points out his desperation and difficulty to find a girlfriend. Evidently, Valdez asserts that Oscar’s obese and geeky nature serves as a point of verbal abuse meted out towards him by almost every other character in Wao.
7 Pages(1750 words)Book Report/Review
Narrating Women's Space
We consider this space as personal because of the expression that causes an interior feeling within her only. Isadora Wing, who happens to be the protag in this book, is a poet
2 Pages(500 words)Book Report/Review
The artistic director of Miami City Ballet, Lourdes Lopez, introduced the night’s program by emotionally acknowledging the performance’s honorary contemporary ballet pioneers, Jerome Robbins and George Balanchine, as well as, Oscar winning
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review
The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde
So, one can see that Wilde did not try to deny the importance of satisfaction in human life. Still, this different attitude/approach towards creativity and writer’s duty attracted criticism from the mainstream society. On the
5 Pages(1250 words)Book Report/Review
Defensible Space/CPTED
In photo five this house is single family home and has a barrier formed by a line of trees and some shrubs which prevent crime from
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework
Let us find you another Book Report/Review on topic Oscar Newmans Defensible Space for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us