Social Cognitive Theory - Book Report/Review Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
The process of learning is the core element of human development. The essence of learning is that a learner undergoes gradual process of transformation as a result of past experience; the primary goal of this change is to facilitate the process of adjusting to the surrounding circumstances: "Learning is a process whereby individual animals, human and others, are able to acquire knowledge or skills that equip them to cope better with the environment" (Littleton, Toates, & Braisby 2002: 167).
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.2% of users find it useful
Social Cognitive Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Social Cognitive Theory"

Download file to see previous pages Learning as conditioning, learning as the formation and alteration of symbolic structures, learning as the adjustment of weights in a neural net - these are only a few of the existing models designed to explain how people acquire and maintain certain behavioural models. The Social Cognitive Theory, which stemmed from the learning theory of N.E. Miller and J. Dollard and was expanded on and theorised by Albert Bandura in the 1960s represents one of the most prominent and balanced accounts of learning and behaviour proposed up to date.
Similarly to other prominent representatives of the behaviourist stance, Bandura rejected existence of any independent personality that might be held responsible for shaping human behaviour. However, Bandura also did not deprive human being of the possibility to regulate his behaviour: he believed that each individual has a set of persuasions that assess the circumstances and regulate behaviour depending on the results of assessment (Frager & Fadiman 2000).
Bandura's concept relies on the assumption that human being is shaped by the process of learning the essence of which is acquisition of various behavioural patterns. The most important property of human nature is cognition that helps utilise such complex skills as abstract thinking, apply difficult symbolic forms of communication such as language, cognize the external world, and determine behaviour depending upon different circumstances. The latter reflects the key difference between Bandura's theory and the classic postulate of traditional behaviourism: presence of those 'circumstances' implies that constant reinforcement of certain behavioural patterns may not necessarily result in absolute acquisition of certain models of behaviour even when the reinforcer is available. Bandura termed this phenomenon 'plasticity of consciousness' (Bandura 1977).
Bandura's theory implies that behaviour of human being is neither determined by solely inward causes (like instincts, desires) nor by environmental influences but by the dynamic interaction between these two types. However, it will be a mistake to believe that Bandura views behaviour as absolutely passive object of influence. According to his theory, humans may choose behavioural pattern depending on the circumstances. This essential ability helps predict possible reactions of the environment which also includes other human beings. In this case the behaviour itself influences the surrounding circumstances. Based on these assumptions Bandura developed one of the core concepts his social cognitive theory is based upon: reciprocal determinism (Bandura 1978).
Figure 1: The visual model of reciprocal determinism
Source: Bandura 1986, p. 23
This simple scheme demonstrates the essence of reciprocal determinism: B is behaviour, P is properties of personality, and E is environmental influence. Therefore, human behaviour is the result of interaction between three components, namely personal or inward peculiarities and cognitions, exterior causes, and behaviour itself. Each component within this model is in direct relationship with each of the other two, but neither of them can be addressed as absolutely ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Social Cognitive Theory Book Report/Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Social Cognitive Theory Book Report/Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from
(Social Cognitive Theory Book Report/Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Social Cognitive Theory Book Report/Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words.
“Social Cognitive Theory Book Report/Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
brook59 added comment 6 months ago
Student rated this paper as
This document saved me today. I liked the content. It was very useful for my sociology course.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Social Cognitive Theory

Social-Cognitive Theory and a Meaningful Moment

...? Social-Cognitive Theory and a Meaningful Moment Here Here Social-Cognitive Theory A Brief Explanation of Social-Cognitive Theory There are many theories that examine human learning and behavior. One of these approaches is known as Social-Cognitive theory (SCT). Originally developed by Albert Bandura (1986), SCT approaches the examination of behavior using a triad of influential variable categories. Behavior, personal characteristics, and environmental factors are proposed to be in a constant state of interaction with each other, resulting in a state of flux known as reciprocal determinism. It is proposed that we may come to know human behavior through the examination of all relationships that are involved in the three-way model... was due...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Social Cognitive Theory

... SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY Overview of the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT The Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) is a scion of Social Learning Theory (SLT) which traces its origins to the 1800s. But it was not until mid19th century that the theory gaining popularity within the behavioral and social psychology circles, through the efforts of a behavior scholar known as Albert Bandura. The SCT falls within the realm of behaviorism which is a group of theories that seeks to explain human behavior. The SCT...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Classroom applications of social cognitive theory

...? room Application of Cognitive Theory Social cognitive theory describes learning in terms of the interrelationship between personal factors, behavior and environmental factors. It also develops cooperative learning and constructivism through theoretical frameworks used for interactive learning. According to SCT, the learner gets knowledge through the convergence of personal experience, personal characteristics and environment. The new experiences are viewed in light of prior experiences, and they inform the student on how the present should be investigated. The social -cognitive theory is a function of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Discuss, with reference to psychological theory and research, the way in which cognitive and social factors contribute to the de

...? 351 PY Advanced Developmental Psychology Discuss, with reference to psychological theory and research the way in which cognitive and social factors contribute to the development of development of the theory of mind. Lecturers: Laura Taylor and Andrew Holliman Hand in date: 19the April 201 Discuss, with reference to psychological theory and research the way in which cognitive and social factors contribute to the development of development of the theory of mind. One of the greatest achievements of human evolution is the ability to represent, conceptualise and reason on mental states. The working of the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

A self assessment on intercultural negotiating skills

4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Social Cognitive Theory SelfEfficacy

...Social Cognition Theory Learning would be exceedingly laborious, not to mention hazardous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their ownactions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behaviour is learned observationally through modelling: from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviours are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action." -Albert Bandura, Social Learning Theory, 1977 Abstract Albert Bandura, a cognitive theorist in the area of social learning offered the theory that emotions and memory blended with environmental...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Behavioral theory and Social cognitive (learning) theory and Behavioral concept paper

...Cognitive Concepts School Skinner was an American philosopher that worked on issues regarding behaviors in relation to the ability and personality. He argued out that behaviors are maintained from one state to the other by concentrating on the same consequence on the same area. Behaviors are the results of factors that are enhanced by consequence. (Westbrook, 2007) We can relate the concept to today’s culture of social media use. The behavior of social media use is maintained by the continued use of the same and for the same purpose repeatedly. People use social media sites such as youtube and facebook to ensure they are connected with each other. As a result, end up in...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Behavioral theory and Social cognitive (learning) theory and Behavioral concept paper other applications as facebook. Q4. Based on what youve learned about Jims personality and life so far, what key concepts from social cognitive theory might apply. Based on the personality of Jim, as evident from the case, counseling is the most suitable concept of social cognitive theory that is applicable in his case. In his view, George Kelly identified that there is an appreciated extent to which individuals transform their opinions, on self as well as the world, when counseling is applied. The theory is relevant in the explanation of individuals’ change of behavior in the framework of counseling. There is...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Critque of Narrative Theory & Cognitive behavior theory (social work client groups in Australia)

...with the stress. This way, she will be empowered to perceive the problem as an external issue and work towards a solution. Cognitive behavior therapy is another alternative therapeutic measure that social workers can use in resolving emerging issues within the population. Cognitive behavior therapy is skewed towards the social-cognitive theories that state that it is possible for people to train their minds by relying on the behavior of others (Hind, 2014). This approach assumes that is possible to learn by observing the behavior of others and strengthening the desirable behavior while suppressing the undesirable ones (Morgan, 1999)....
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Social Cognitive Theory

... Teacher Social Cognitive Theory The five capabilities posited by social-cognitive theory are reciprocal determinism, behavioral capability, observational learning, reinforcements and expectations. Reciprocal determinism refers to how a person interacts with the environment and how he or she responds to it. Behavioral capability is the person’s ability to act based on given knowledge and skills and how they learn from the consequences of their own behaviors. Observational learning meant learning by observing how others behave through “modeling” and imitate desirable acts to be their own. Reinforcements on the other hand is the consequence of a behavior which can either be positive or negative. Finally, expectations refers... to the...
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Book Report/Review on topic Social Cognitive Theory for FREE!

Contact Us