The Children Act 1989 pulled together and simplified all pre-existing legislation in relation to children and families. It imposes new duties on local authorities (LAs) - for example, the identification and assessment of 'children in need';
c) emphasized the importance of inter-agency work and a corporate approach to providing services to children and families (eg the creation of multi-professional responses to children identified as children in need).
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The Act has duties, powers and responsibilities. A duty will require the local authority (LA) to comply with it, whereas a power means a LA can act. A responsibility refers to outcomes. Duties can be qualified, and in some areas the Act includes phrases like 'shall take reasonable steps to'. A qualified duty is little more than a mere power. Emphasis must be made as the nature of terms and definitions of the extent of LA responsibilities. Failure to understand this may cause misunderstandings between professionals. Generally, legislation only provides the framework for practice: it cannot change practice of itself, as only those using legislation can do that. Knowledge of the legislation and skills in using it are important but values, attitudes and beliefs that inform practice responses are also a prime consideration. Professionals' work with children and their families is a complex issue and constantly evolving and contradictory constraints, in particular the requirement to protect children from harm while avoiding unwarranted state intervention in family life.
The Children Act 1989, Part 1, contains fundamental principles that cover all parts of the Act. For example, children's and families cultural and linguistic diversity must be a key consideration when responding to them and developing partnerships with parents and care givers. Informed decisions should be made and practiced. The word partnership does not appear in the legislation and regulations but does feature in Government guidance and in the Department of Health (DoH) list of principles that emphasize a code of practice. The key principle underlying the Children Act without being a legal requirement is a commitment to working in partnership with children and their families.
Part III of the Act Sections 17 and 47 describe the duties and powers associated with the provision of services to children and families. These should be read in conjunction with Schedule 2. Part III gives a local authority a general duty: to safeguard and promote the welfare of children in need - s.17(1)(a) promote the upbringing of children in need by their families by providing a range of services appropriate to those children's needs - s.17 (1)(b). Under the Act (s.17 (10) (a) (b) and (c)) a child is taken to be in need if:
"he is unlikely to achieve or maintain, or to have the opportunity of achieving or maintaining, a reasonable standard of health or development without the provision for him of services by a local authority under this Part; his health or development is likely to be significantly impaired or further impaired, without the provision for him of such services; or he is disabled "
Preventions and Interventions
Functions and Duties of Involved Agencies - The Children Act 1989
(1)'It shall be the general duty of every local authority (in addition to the other duties imposed on them) -
(a)to safeguard and p
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(“The Children Act 1989 Book Report/Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
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(The Children Act 1989 Book Report/Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
“The Children Act 1989 Book Report/Review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1512807-the-children-act-1989.
During the commencement of the book, the lads were aged 11 and 9 respectively. The family lived Henry Horner Homes, which were cheap though there was high insecurity and immorality. Lafeyette as the eldest played a key role in helping the mother get food while in the other hand he protected Pharaoh from aggression from the local gangs who traded with drugs and illegal substances.
In the book, the author investigates the issue of education for children of African American descent, the basis of them not attaining as much education as required, and what actions can be applied to rectify the situation. Gloria Ladson-Billings talks about the existing situation of learning for children of African American descent (Ladson-Billings 4).
In this book, he gives the history of violence through Bosket family through five generation. He starts with Bosket great grandfather who was an African American slave in to his grandfather, father and now Bosket (Butterfield 2008). The story is also a n illustration of the oppression that the African Americans went through.
These skills and knowledge shall be appropriate to the needs of the students for the 21st century.
Districts and schools that formulate solutions supporting reform efforts in order to meet the needs of the students were set to get increased support for professional development, technology, and comprehensive technical assistance (Improving America's Schools Act of 1994, 2001).
This act was challenged in local courts but was upheld. It was amended in 1989, after the case Texas v Johnson. The acts states:
(a)(1) Whoever knowingly mutilates, defaces, physically defiles, burns, maintains on the floor or ground, or tramples upon any flag of the United States shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both.
The articles addressed the problem of television programming that affects children's’ behaviour negatively. Earles et al. (2002) suggested that physicians should ask about children's TV habits, while Tesar & Doppen (2006) recommended that teachers should teach critical thinking that helps children analyze their media habits.
Partnership requires informed participation. The Act therefore requires that parents and children must be consulted during the decision-making process and notified of the outcome. There is a new requirement placed on local authorities to establish a procedure for considering representations (including complaints) about the discharge of their functions under this part of the Act.
As companies flock into competition, the costly amount of insuring the health of even just one person has brought stones in the pockets of Americans in the long run. As a response, the government has heard the citizen’s creed and has proposed a
The reason for writing this essay is to provide an analysis for the performance of the Children Act 2004 and ECM. I am affiliated with the prestigious Social Services Department and I feel obligated to
The story leaves a black mark on ones heart as it projects the helplessness and discomfort of children in growing up in a hostile atmosphere. When I compare my life with that of the central character pharaoh I feel
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