Nobody downloaded yet

Why some societies make disastrous decisions - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In this article the author provides an analysis of why human societies have ended up making destructive group decisions at various points of time in history.His students express incredulity at human folly causing self destruction in the past ages,especially in cases like the Easter Island which died out of deforestation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.1% of users find it useful
Why some societies make disastrous decisions
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Why some societies make disastrous decisions"

Download file to see previous pages Firstly, the origins of some problems cannot be easily perceived, like the loss of salt nutrients or salinization, which are undetectable to unaided human senses. Also, if the decision maker is unaware of ground realities, problems may go unnoticed. Some problems may be very slow in occurring and be hidden by up-and- down fluctuations, so that they may go undetected, for example, the problem of global warming in recent times. Diamond mentions the term "creeping normalcy"used by politicians to describe a very slow deterioration, or "landscape amnesia", coined by scientists, where people are so used to seeing a landscape change successively little by little each year that they do not grasp its total change, or remember what it was like originally. When combined, these two can lead to a large but very gradually worsening problem going unnoticed. In this he finds an answer to why the people of Easter Island could cut away all their palm trees, because the deforestation was not a sudden, remarkable change, it happened at a slow pace across generations.

Diamond also puts forward various reasons for the next factor, the failure to work towards a solution, and the very first one is "rational behavior": logical, but maybe ethically unsound, where a few people reason that they can greatly further their own interests by harming that of others. Since this minority stands a lot to gain and each of the majority loses very little individually in the process, the majority do not protest much and the minority has its way. For example, a minority of subsidized professionals like fishermen or farmers benefit at the cost of majority of the taxpayers. At other times, it is pure selfishness that...
To answer this puzzle Diamond relates it to individual foibles and issues of group dynamics, proposes various factors like failure to anticipate a problem, failure to perceive it, failure to work towards solving it, or alternatively, not being able to resolve the problem despite knowing all abouBad decisions can happen due to “irrational” behavior, where people cling to long-held beliefs even when they are detrimental to survival, and Diamond proposes this on the basis of examples from religious as well as secular realms, like the cult beliefs of Easter Island that led to its deforestation to the belief in having a large family in Rwanda, which has now led to over-population because of falling mortality rates. The trick for survival is to retain some of the old values and adapt some new ones, but it is a gamble at best. The resistance to newer values comes from dislike for people who first report a problem, or shrugging off problems as not being one's own, or prioritizing short term problems over long term ones, with full knowledge that future livelihoods are being endangered. In times of stress, a group of people may want to keep everyone happy, which is called “group think” resulting in decisions that are crowd-pleasing rather than judicious, or a group can be roused to a rabid frenzy, like Hitler raised in Nazi Germany, both of which do not result in a pro-survival, long-term decisions. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Why some societies make disastrous decisions Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1508830-why-some-societies-make-disastrous-decisions
(Why Some Societies Make Disastrous Decisions Essay)
https://studentshare.org/sociology/1508830-why-some-societies-make-disastrous-decisions.
“Why Some Societies Make Disastrous Decisions Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1508830-why-some-societies-make-disastrous-decisions.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Do Consumers Really Make Rational Decisions
...for the consumers based on the low level of involvement and low level of information processing (Kardes, Cronley and Cline, 2010, p. 184). Brand loyalty is the second type of consumer decision-making which is based on the benefits and values achieved in buying a particular brand. It is particularly applied to self-enhancing products. As compared to brand laziness, the said type of decision-making done by the consumer requires high level of involvement and low level of information processing. Although the choices are made in a recurrent manner, there is still an active involvement and analysis. The reason why there is low level of information processing...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Classical Societies
...?Topic:  ical Societies Essay Style of Art – ical Greece Reference Link - http www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/27.45 Introduction Theart work here portrayed is classical Greece and this style of art is produced by most exquisite sculptors of the time.The sculptures behind these artwork are extra- ordinary and pioneers of this field. They are mostly influenced by the nature of work they produce as they are of unique and elaborate quality. According to (Hunt For,2007)“ Classical period of ancient Greek history is fixed between 480 B.C., when the Greeks began to come into conflict with the kingdom of Persia to the east and 338 B.C., when Philip II of Macedonia with son Alexander defeated the Greek”. The art work of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
How Poeople make economic decisions
...?Individual decision making is made based on the criteria of cost and benefit wherein individuals measure the cost as well as benefits of taking any action as a result of that decision. Principles of economics are important in individual decision making because in economic sense, decisions are taken based on the utility achieved by an individual from taking any action or preferring one alternative over another. Individuals therefore interact with each other in manner wherein exchange between them yield maximum individual utility. The overall interaction of the economy therefore is also based upon best allocation of resources and their...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Description of How Humans Make Both Logical and Risky Decisions
... of How Humans Make both Logical and Risky Decisions Unlike animals which make decisions or take actions mostly based on their instincts,human beings are engaged in decision making at different levels every day. Some of the decisions are subconscious, and our bodies compel us to act in a certain way depending of a variety of biological circumstances. Incidentally, these are not that different from the animals’ primordial instincts, however, the kinds of decisions that set the human race apart from any other creatures are the conscious decisions; these are decisions that we deliberate on, weigh the options and pick what appears to be the best alternative under the circumstances. Comprehending the process through which people arrive... at...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Decisions, Decisions, Decisions
...reinforced by the representative heuristic (The Fallacy Files 2007). Every Volvo he had known had been a piece of junk. Though the fact that he had seen only one Volvo in his lifetime rendered it statistically meaningless, to him it was 100 percent of them. In making the decision on whether to buy a Volvo or Saab, I would rely on expert testimony. The experts at Consumer Reports would certainly qualify as informed and unbiased experts. I would also rely on the feedback from existing Volvo owners. To convince my supervisor, I would use an appeal to authority argument and persuade the supervisor that these were indeed experts (Nolt et al. 1998 p.199). I would also demonstrate how many Volvo owners are very...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
How People Make Economic Decisions
...Principles of individual decision-making Informed consent- this principle aims at safeguarding individual's autonomy in decision making mutually in treatment and research setting. Informed consent is composed of: individual's competency in making and communicating a decision on her/his behalf, no element of coercion and all the relevant information to the anticipated research or treatment is disclosed to the person (Facione & Facione, 2007). Best Interest- this is a principle of performing to the best interest of individual's well-being, welfare and health. The principle's outcome depends upon determination of the best...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Societies
...Comparison between Egyptian/Muslim society and Chinese/Confucian society. The timeless tale of a woman, in any society is a reflection of the wholerange of experiences which she has undergone, and it does not differ greatly whether it is 20th century Egyptian women of Muslim culture or the 17th century Chinese women of Confucian culture. The pain and the anguish to which they are exposed is the same. The differentiation lies more in the feminist and male dominant society rather than the geographical region. The relationship between the man and the woman surpasses all geographical boundaries, cultural barriers and religious beliefs, as their suffering is the same...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Secret societies
...or snatch the right totally from the manufacturers of the guns to produce guns. Many other countries have no such laws or legislations as the governments of these countries believe that these laws would do no good to the current situation of violence but it would rather increase it. Through my essay I would be able to research on the topic of Gun Control and would be able to know as to how it really is affecting the rate of violence nowadays. The readers can further know about the legislations against the possession of arms and would know if these legislations are successful or not. I believe that minimum gun control laws can be helpful in reducing crime rates as it has been witnessed in some real life examples....
2 Pages(500 words)Thesis
Arab Societies
...The Implications of Wearing theTraditional Dress Fashion in the modern world today de s a person’s style, personality and status in life. It can be an expression of creativity when people integrate into their wardrobe some special item that reflects something about them. However, in Arab society, one’s dress is indicative of more things, usually coming Arabian perspectives and interpretation of the Qur an, or scared book that tells them how they should live in the way Allah would have wanted. Since Islam is very conservative, worldly values and practices are prohibited in their society. The Al-Ziyy Al-Islami or Islamic dress is something that distinguishes them from others because such dress should reflect the cornerstones... it to...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Using Data to Make Decisions
...Research Brief February 2, As a manager using data and analytics allows for improved decision making in many aspects of the company. It is important to be aware of what skills, talents and abilities you have available within your company workforce; knowing where your company falls short and what the optimal method is of meeting these shortages. As a manager you must know the skills, strategy and knowledge necessary to execute business decisions. In order to see your company succeed you should have an employee retention plan along with workforce evaluation methods which distinguish your low achievers from your high achievers. When it is necessary to reduce your workforce minimizing these actions through retraining, reassignment... and...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Why some societies make disastrous decisions for FREE!
Contact Us