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Discussion - Essay Example

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Perceptions and definitions of crime and criminal activity Insert name Grade course Date Introduction Hawkins (2006) asserts that the word crime is used denote a harmful act not only to an individual but to the community and even to the state as a whole…
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Download file to see previous pages In the country, there is no gun control (Gould, Weinberg and Mustard, 2002). This means that apart from minors, anyone can own a gun. Statistics shows that there are 89 guns for 100 Americans. This easy accessibility to guns increases the chances of them being used for criminal activities. Criminals easily get guns makes the country to have the high rates. Another reason that contributes to the high crime rates is the nation’s drug policies and sentencing practices. The country focuses more on tough stances which are not effective in solving the crime but rather increase them. It should focus more on prevention and rehabilitation rather than long sentences. In order to understand criminal behavior, various theories are given. There are sociological theories that propose that crime results from lack of social norms ( Leon-Guerrero, 2014). Other theories are psychological, physiological and biological in nature relating to the personality and the makeup of a person. There exist several models that guide the judicial system towards gaining justice. Hawkins (2006) notes that there is the orthodox social progress model, the society surveillance model and the radical conflict model. The theories that influence the prison system of today are the utilitarian and the retributive. While the utilitarian aims discourage crime by looking forward on the punishment, the retributive focuses on the transgression as the basis of punishment . To decrease crime, better policies that give only as much punishment should be put into place and rehabilitation centers (Leon-Guerrero, 2014). This will help people such as drug addicts who are more prone to commit crime. Another way of decreasing crime is by increasing surveillance and training among the crime detection personnel. b. Assault laws in New Jersey According to the New Jersey coalition (n.d), aggravated sexual assault is taken to be a crime of first degree. Sexual assault is described to be any unwanted touching of the intimate pats of a person. The law states that there are no time limits for reporting sexual assault cases. The law also states that a person under the influence of alcohol cannot consent to criminal activity. This is because such a person is not in the right mind to make right decisions. The industrialized world increases sexual assault because it increases the population of people living along industries. There are higher employment rates regardless of gender which increases the crime especially if employees are not legally protected. There is also early exposure to guns and crime in the industrialized world which is responsible for the high rates. Pedophilia is described as a psychosexual disorder that where the victim has sexual fantancies or takes part in sexual acts with prepubescent children (Mental health, 2008). It is increasing because of the change in social norms today that has led to moral decay. There are no strict rules and values that can contribute to moral reasoning. In order to prevent victimization of children, policies should be put in place to protect them. There should be also increased awareness through campaigns that make the children to be aware of their rights in order to indentify when they are violated. Protective services towards children should be increased and their parents be made aware through seminars on how they can contribute in ensuring that their children are safe. c. Environment, war and terrorism Social norms and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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