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Sociology of Health and Illness: Health and Inequality in the United States i.e. poverty and physicians effects of racism and di - Research Paper Example

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Inequality in Sociology of Health and Illness in the United States Name of Student Institution Affiliated Abstract Health inequalities in the United States are behind the increasing rates of illness as documented in the recent reports. African Americans have been the victims subjected to racial disparities within the health care platforms…
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Sociology of Health and Illness: Health and Inequality in the United States i.e. poverty and physicians effects of racism and di
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Sociology of Health and Illness: Health and Inequality in the United States i.e. poverty and physicians effects of racism and di

Download file to see previous pages... The 1960s breakdown of the Civil Rights Movement led to a reduction in racism. However, that did not end it at all as in the current time; it has taken a new form that is even worse. Disparities on illness are now commonly experienced in chronic kidney problems, lung cancer, breast cancer, depression among many other serious diseases. This review is sought to investigate and analyze various inequalities in health and illness within the health sector and explore the sociological perspectives underlying the interaction in health and illness in relation to inequalities that encompass the health care fraternity. This review will also explore sociological explanations of the material artifacts behind inequalities in the health sector of the entire United States. Keywords: inequality, health and illness, sociology, United States Inequality in Sociology of Health and Illness in the United States The entire health sector of the United States is immune to the social injustice and various forms of inequality in health care sector. This is weighing a negative impact to a number of societies who are in need of special health care facilities and resources. For ages, the United States is stuck in racism. ...
In a research conducted within the last one decade, documented evidence was revealed of the vast majority of Americans living in soaring health costs with significant decrease of wages and living standards of the people. The underlying heath care inequalities have been experienced in maternal health care, early childhood care, poor nutrition, environmental conditions, inadequate access to medical facilities and health care resources. Sociological perspective on illness is subject to stigma. According to (Goffman’s, 1963), an illness that leads to stigma affects individual’s identity. Stigma can arise from social differences and Stereotyping. (p. 55) The theoretical perspective of social illness according to Bary (1982) suggested the following statement: “Individual illness disrupts the life experience of the sufferer, Illness affects daily structures and all assumptions about life are taken for granted. In this situation, sufferers have to develop a mechanism to manage the disruption that courses the difference or one that’s building a gap. In a chronic illness, disruption leads to destabilization of identity.” (p. 117) Theoretical Approaches of Sociology to Health and Illness A unified perspective of sociology in regard to social reality is not there. The major epistemological divide within the theory of sociology is based on sociologists who argue from an approach of interpretative to social occurrences focusing on the people within the societal boundaries. In these theories, structuralism approaches reflect on the macro level while subjective approaches focus on the micro level of interaction. (Link, 2005) The Functionalist Perspective of Health ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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