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Lending Institutions, Health Care, and Human Capital (Country of Angola) - Essay Example

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Lending Institutions, Health Care, and Human Capital in Angola) Name Institution Lending Institutions, Health Care, and Human Capital in Angola) Angola is the third largest economy in the Sub-Sahara region and is characterized by rapid economic growth. It has been estimated that Angola had a real GDP of about 8% for last year and this year…
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Lending Institutions, Health Care, and Human Capital (Country of Angola)
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Lending Institutions, Health Care, and Human Capital (Country of Angola)

Download file to see previous pages... One of the major aims of the Sovereign Wealth fund is assist in funding investments in non-oil industries to expand the industrial base of the nation. Due to some economic experimentation of a couple of years ago, there was destruction of rail and road infrastructure and also the extensive landmines that made people move to towns. This meant that commercial and subsistence agriculture did not have material or human capital required to function. Sectors deriving from supplying goods and from the primary sectors to the rural people lost markets, and the sector that provided services became practically non-existent in the outskirts of the major centres. Major health care services in Angola are rated very low. Both child and maternal mortality are high, despite the fact that both have been controlled since 2000. Households in rural places rate quality less than those in urban places (Keohane, 2001). Whether or not funding from international lending institutions like the World Bank and the IMF are helping or hindering the social, economic, or political development of the country of Angola. The World Bank (WB) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) began their negotiations with Angola back in 1999, yet the position of these two organizations has changed distinctly over the years. Angola has been for some time, less or more able to fund its reconstruction almost uniquely from its resources, depending mainly on revenues and benefits emerging from diamond and oil exports. The IMF has frequently requested Angola to perform political, institutional, and structural reforms, but all those suggestions were turned down until in 2009 when there was a breakthrough (Ngaire, 2006). Before Angola engaged in any business with WB and IMF, several polices were set by these organization, and seem to have helped the country’s political and economic welfare. For example, the “General Development Policy of the Bretton World Institutions” that sated that the bank shall not meddle in the political issues of the country. The original objectives which are still durable are focused on job protection and the living standards, facilitating an equilibrium growth of international trade, and nurturing the productive capital which should lead to closer mutual cooperation of Angola and the international economy. The two institutions have been, without political interference directed their activities and progressed independently. Having these principles have seen IMF and WB produce positive effects on Angola’s economic growth, while protecting it from particular negative effects that might result from modern capitalistic economic system. Substantive ways in which a healthy population strengthens the economy of the country of Angola Several variables linked to the utilization of health services are directly associated with economic wealth. For example, a high population in Angola who know much about HIV/AIDS will protect themselves against the killer disease. Those who are infected and take good care of themselves lead a healthier life, thus avoiding premature deaths. When there is a low rate of mortality, people work to achieve goals, thus economic prosperity. Healthy people use their energy as engines of production. For example, more calories in one’s body contribute to the growth rate of the income of per capita in Angola. It plays a big role in the motivation of the workforce. According to Franco, 2002, life expectancy can increase ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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