Download file to see previous pages...
This question among other issues, led to the emergence of s discipline referred to as scientific racism. This discipline refers to the use of purported scientific principles, techniques, methods, knowledge, and theories to justify atrocities related to racism, racial inferiority or superiority and phenotype-based classification of human beings (Spiro, 2009: 45). This science exists and could still be believed and used by many racists despite the worldwide stance that racial superiority, inferiority, and differentiation are scientifically wrong (Jahoda, 1992: 23). In addition, such racial differentiation is immoral, socially unacceptable and unjust, dangerous, and unjustifiable not only in practice but also in theory (Shultz & Shultz, 2008: 18). Of all the wars fought in the first half of the 20th century, none was characterized by technological and scientific knowledge, equipment, and weapons than the Second World War (1939-1945). ...
Although the use of science in the war and other spheres of life in this period was largely welcome, science usage in other perspectives were rather controversial and were condemned across the globe (Richards, 1997: 41). The most notorious of these controversial and condemned cases was the Nazi Germany’s use of science and scientists to kills innocent civilians. Worse still, the Nazi use of science to justify its killing of six million Jews and millions of people from other inferior or desirable races has been condemned since the Holocaust occurred (Hoffman, 2005: 23). This paper explores the role played by science in Nazi’s attitudes to race with particular reference to the Nazi Holocaust in which millions of Jews were massacred. The Role of Science in the Nazi Attitudes to Race The Nazi Germany used different disciplines to further their scientific racist agendas. These disciplines include but are not limited to anthropometry, craniometry, and physical anthropology (Jackson & Weidman, 2005: 19). Using these sciences, they proposed typologies that promoted their tendencies to categorize human beings into physically distinct segments or races as inferior or inferior (Tucker, 1994: 18). Although more rampant during the WWII era, scientific racism was also experience in the New Imperial period, which ran from 1880s to 1914. In this era, scientific racism was applied by imperialist White Europeans (Furedi, 1998: 29). These practices would culminate in the 1920’s and WWII’s racial segregations and massacres respectively. After this era of heightened use of scientific racism to segregate and kill people from other races, scientific racism was entirely discredited (Furedi, 1998: 27). Since then, the discipline has been rendered obsolete
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Nazis believed that Jews have no one-basic ideology and movement whereas on the other hand, to preserve their own existence Jews were associated with various other movements and ideologies (Mosse). Nazi ideology was seriously confronted by nationalism and its supporters.
Propaganda during wartime attempts to prepare people to adjust to abnormal conditions and adapt their objectives and norms or morals to accommodate the demands of the war. In order to achieve this, propagandists use conventional visual codes such as postcards established in mass culture.
History of “Race in Science”
Researchers like Carolus Linnaeus have extensively researched the history of race in science also called scientific racism on and his research was expounded further by Johann Blumenbach Friedrich (Gupta 2007, p.26). Johann was a professor in medicine from Germany and through his study of race in science; he was able to carry out classifications based on races.
Germany was forced by the Allies to accept its defeat in war and it also had to sign the Treaty of Versailles, which was very harsh for the Germans as it would have to pay for reparations, lose all territories and almost become incapable for another war as it had to take full responsibility for the previous war, World War I (Trueman, 2000).
States have moved from totalitarianism to become democratic, showing their concern for the people and embracing human rights and freedoms. Totalitarianism was not an unusual practice in Europe in the 20th century, and Nazi Germany
The ability to sort people justly without affiliation to culture or political influences proves paramount (Katz, 182).
Simon (114) asserts that, sorting people with a different method ensures that the group notion
It is apparent that the concept of racism is an old one but the term itself was coined in 1930s due to the Nazi project that was focused towards getting rid of all Jews from Germany (Rattansi 2004). In the
Nevertheless, it must be noted that under certain circumstances, the society might feature oppression with regard to a part of its population. Thus, there are numerous examples when one particular group of people was able to
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Science and Nazi attitudes to race for FREE!