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These considerations of the hypothesis include sequencing, association, and causation. In reference to sequencing, research indicates that marijuana is one of the soft drugs that is narcotic and easily leads to a sequence in an individual who progresses on to associate the sequence of marijuana to another a drug for more pleasure. The use of marijuana has controversial opinions on its addictiveness. However, it remains clear that continued use of marijuana leads to the desire of the user to associate it with other illicit drugs. The continued use of the drug (marijuana) is what the gateway hypothesis considers as sequencing. Remarkably, the use of cannabis is associated with the use of other illicit drugs as well as the vulnerability of the marijuana to use a wider variety of illicit drugs, a consideration that the gateway hypothesis refers to as association. Association is closely related to the age of the individual with most research showing that the use of marijuana Leads most teenagers to use other diversified drugs. Sequencing and association of marijuana leads to the causation because of the probability that individual using marijuana will have a certain random progression that can be analyzed as sequential pattern towards the use of other stronger drug of the same group and stronger such as heroin and cocaine. Given the pattern that most individuals who take marijuana have, it is clear that it is “gate opener” to other drugs such as heroin.
Court rulings have portrayed controversial issues on law enforcement profiling whereby drug suspects are based on ethnicity, racial and specific characteristics that an individual of target dug courier may have according to the profiles stipulated by the police. Consequently, this prompted the U.S Supreme Court to launch an investigation on the profile of drug courier. The cases that the supreme court of U.S ordered indicated that the police and other law enforcers fail to apprehend the drug courier and ends p arresting innocent citizens who portray any characteristics of the Drug courier profile. However, apart from the profile listing the characteristics portrayed by drug traffickers, the Supreme Court strictly defined restrictions in other decisions while safeguarding some verdicts emerging from the drug-courier profile. One of the most significant examples of criticism on the law is when a drug agent stopped a woman known as Mendenhall at an airport claiming that she fitted the characteristics and behaviors of the drug-courier profile. Coincidentally, the search on the woman indicated that she was a drug courier (Mcgarrell and Hutchens, 2001). Surprisingly, the court ruled in favor of the agent that it was not a violation of the Fourth-amendment protection from unreasonable search. Controversially, the same court in favor of Reid who was confiscated at the airport of Georgia with allegations that he matched the drug courier profile. The court ruled that the federal agent had violated Reid’s Fourth amendment requirement of a reasonable search and drug suspicion bases. This court statistic indicates that the law does not have a clear stipulation of drug courier a profiling. Additionally, statistics an airport stops concerning drug courier profile have indicated that most suspected drug couriers are African-Americans who are stopped in various airports in a disproportional manner. This
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These include increased organized crime rates, corrupt governments, increased violence and economic markets distortions. Canada has not been immune to these tribulations in that it is marred by illegal drug activities. The use of cannabis, cocaine, LSD, speed, steroids, injected drugs and heroine among others has substantially escalated (United Nation, 2010).
The main way of maintaining peaceful co-existence of members within a given society is by establishing laws, rules and regulations against which law enforcement agencies use to apprehend offenders. Regulation is the legal framework set up by the government or any other ruling authority within a society that prevents and controls or restricts certain events or activities that may influence the society negatively.
(World Encyclopedia of 20th Century Murder, Jay Robert Nash, Paragon House. Pages 531-533: The Mammoth Book of Murder, Compiled by Colin Wilson, Carroll and Graf, Article "Richard Speck: Born to Raise Hell" Pages 519-523) Speck had been in several scrapes with the law and there were rumors that he killed others in addition to the eight nurses he brutally murdered.
Drug use is universal. Every human culture in every age has ended up using one or more psychoactive drugs. Drug taking is so common that it seems to be a basic human activity. Drug taking is so common that it seems to be a basic human activity, and society must come to terms with the human fascination for drugs.
The number of Americans behind bars for drug law violations has increased radically to extraordinary levels, however drug-related problems is not yet vanished.Most of new AIDS cases in U.S. cities, and among African Americans and Latinos, are caused by drug misuse and related behavior. Majority of the twenty million Americans who violate the drug laws each year are modest or controlled drug users. The government itself emerges at a loss for what to do about this enduring problem (Nadelmann et al, 2004).
It appears that the methamphetamine really embodied by the 1996 legislation is crystal meth.
Drug prevalence data regarding rates of use for methamphetamine among various age groups are mixed and do not clearly indicate a predominant age group for methamphetamine use.
This paper would further discuss the impact of drugs on people's life.
Nowadays there are a growing number of adolescents facing the problem of alcohol. It starts as fun takes over you and begins killing you slowly. In other words it can be said that Alcohol is just like a slow poison.
ries with the elimination of undesirable drugs as was anticipated, the war on drugs has instead served to heighten violence, contribute to the development of organized crime, fill the prison system past capacity, consume large amounts of capital and has still had very little
Furthermore, some are eager to quantitatively determine this, even though apparently most have aspired greatly for rhetorical goals, and none present more than the most shallow or obvious explanation of the support of their estimate (MacCoun & Reuter, 2001). Even the most
This paper will explain societal, psychological and the medical theory of drug use.
Sociological theories believe that drug abuse is a result of societal occurrence, having mainly social, communal, and
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