Free

When Rights and Cultures Collide written by Karen Musalo - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This essay describes the article ‘When Rights and Cultures Collide’ written by Karen Musalo represents a real-life story of Fauziya Kasinga, a teenager form Togo. The article highlights the evil practice of Female Genital Mutilation prevalent in many African, Middle East and Asian countries…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.6% of users find it useful
When Rights and Cultures Collide written by Karen Musalo
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "When Rights and Cultures Collide written by Karen Musalo"

When Rights and Cultures Collide written by Karen Musalo
The article ‘When Rights and Cultures Collide’ written by Karen Musalo represents a real life story of Fauziya Kasinga, a teenager form Togo, West Africa. The article highlights the evil practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) prevalent in many African, Middle East and Asian countries. Accordingly, the author firmly denounces the practice of female genital mutilation and considers it to be a violation of internationally protected human rights. In this regard, the author strives to draw the attention towards the treaties such as the ‘Convention to Eliminate Discrimination against Women’ which strongly proscribes distinctions made on gender basis. It has been argued that there persist many cultures that deny the equal rights of women. The article attempts to highlight the prevailing controversy between the concepts of universality of human rights and cultural relativism. Conceptually, universality is considered to be an essential characteristic related to human rights. Accordingly, human rights are ascertained to be the rights that are applicable to all human beings and thus it is considered to be universal. Evidently, the universality of human rights advocates that all human beings are the holders of human rights regardless of what they do and where they live. In addition, universality also proclaims that human beings possess human rights independent for their national citizenship and community. Conversely, cultural relativism is regarded as a principle which affirms that all beliefs, ethics, customs and activities are relative to an individual human being within his/her own cultural context. Correspondingly, it states that ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ are primarily culture-specific and argues that there does not prevail any universal standards of morality and no one possesses the right to judge customs of another society (Musalo, “When Rights and Cultures Collide”).
The article stresses on the importance of modern international human rights law and firmly acknowledges the widespread need for international unanimity regarding the protection of basic human rights. It also reveals that treaties, declarations and conventions conscripted to safeguard the basic human rights are in direct conflict with cultural practices such FGM. The article propagates that many countries across the world have ignored certain basic human rights such as freedom of thought, religion and morality. The article attempts to reveal the thinking of cultural relativists and asserts that they often consider culture as an essential attribute to self-determination related with people’s sovereignty. The article admits that cultural relativists may find international standards as little more than legal statements framed by powerful nations predominately engaged in modern ‘Colonization’ by imposing their declaration on less powerful nations of the world. In this regard, the article illustrates that international norms are not drafted by a few powerful nations but are framed by the representatives from diverse nations. Concurrently, the article stresses on the view of proponents of universality that international human standards have the moral authority as they promote world community’s unanimity regarding the ethical behavior between governments and their citizens. The article concluded that international human rights norms should be universally applied for providing all people across the world the potential benefits of their protection (Musalo, “When Rights and Cultures Collide”).
ARGUMENTS
The views expressed by Karen Musalo in her article ‘When Rights and Cultures Collide’ can be firmly agreed upon. In this regard, every individual in the world has the right to express themselves. Everyone born in this world is entitled to possess similar rights independent of their gender, race, ethnic, religious and cultural backgrounds. It can be affirmed that human rights are integral to the dignity of every individual. Responsively, all human rights are equal and cannot be placed in a hierarchical order. The denial of any right leads to the violation of another right. Thus, the right of any individual cannot be compromised at the cost of other rights. Nonetheless, it can be argued that it is coherent that the emergence of human rights is fundamentally tied up with believes and fundamentals equated to west. In this regard, it can be stated that the doctrine of human rights may be equated to western and Universalists but it does not mean that differences in culture cannot be abridged or accommodated. Conversely, cultural relativism can be identified as an inherent danger imposed to fundamental rights of an individual. Thus, it is crucial to frame realistic strategies to promote human security and rights across the world. Furthermore, the promotion of universality of human rights requires the transformation in terms of legal and community aspects. Correspondingly, it is crucial to understand that no culture is perfect or right but everyone should respect the culture of others and avoid extremism and irrationality to promote universality related to human rights.
Work Cited
Musalo, Karen. When Rights and Cultures Collide. Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, 2010. Web. 23 Sep. 2013. . Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“When Rights and Cultures Collide written by Karen Musalo Essay”, n.d.)
When Rights and Cultures Collide written by Karen Musalo Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1486346-essay
(When Rights and Cultures Collide Written by Karen Musalo Essay)
When Rights and Cultures Collide Written by Karen Musalo Essay. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1486346-essay.
“When Rights and Cultures Collide Written by Karen Musalo Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1486346-essay.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF When Rights and Cultures Collide written by Karen Musalo

Melanie Klein vs Karen Horney

...and treated her children fairly and primarily it was this very reason why Karen was more close to her mother. Sonni was a sober woman who was more tolerant than her husband and possessed a calm, fogiving nature. Karen possessed ambivalent feelings for her father she admired his love for life while on the other hand she feared his volatile temperament and aggressiveness. When Karen was 20 years old, her mother was forced to divorce Captein Danielson due to the marital tesion fostered because of his irascible temper and stern demandingness. (Solomon 2006). At school, Karen excelled at learning and exhibited high intellectual skills. Moreover, she was a...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Merging and Clashing Cultures, & Defending Human Rights

...working in a factory find it to be a refreshing drink. What this means is that all humans think alike, there is no basic difference between them as the emotion remains to be the same and this is exactly what Coca-Cola aims to accomplish. In simple words this creates a desire which Coke tries to charm by fascinating all and sundry irrespective of their social backgrounds. Coca-Cola: In American Culture The fact that the marketing tactics of Coca-Cola is based on ubiquity is quite interesting in itself. This can be further justified by this piece of information that it has merged with the country’s culture it has visited into. In short it has become a part of the major culture wherever it...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Karen Horney Theorist

...and the inferiority complex that have influenced the American character from the beginning of our history, which has resulted in a compensatory self-idealization and a search for national glory. We make exaggerated claims for ourselves and become aggressive when they are not honored and respected by other nations. Like Potter and Wachtel, Huffman illuminates the American character as fundamentally aggressive. We like our leaders to be antagonistic, and we glorify people who fight their way to the top. Bernard Paris has discussed and explained Victorian culture from Karen Horney’s perspective and has correlated conflicting cultural symbols found in Elizabeth...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Memorandum to Karen Saunders

...YOUR FULL MEMORANDUM TO KAREN SAUNDERS (ALTERNATIVELY, USE YOUR ASSIGNED MEMO FORMAT) Pursuant to your instructions, this memorandum will set forth the factors we will use in determining whether to expand our existing manufacturing facilities or to purchase a larger plant recently vacated by another company. The first factor, and primary consideration, will be the costs associated with each course of action. We will estimate the cost of expanding our current facility and compare that to the price of acquiring and outfitting the larger plant we are considering for purchase. This information will equip us to evaluate the feasibility of pursuing a specific avenue for the expansion. If there is too great a disparity in...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Becoming Attached by Robert Karen

...Becoming Attached by Robert Karen Becoming attached is a book by Robert Karen that focuses on the relationship between the neglected children and their parents. Various theories have been suggested regarding the psychological implication of the child due to the neglect from their parents at an early age. In the present generation most of the mothers in the developed countries spend less time in their homes and with the growth of the nuclear families, the needs and demands of the children remains unattained. This is a serious concern for the overall development of the child. The neglected children are often found to influence their mother to a large extent and even stresses on their feelings of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

When Worlds Collide

... A Precis on “When Worlds Collide” by Douglas Fox In the findings of Douglas Fox through his article “When Worlds Collide”, Fox managed to arrive on claiming that “climate change will shuffle the deck of plants, animals, and ecosystems in ways we’ve only begun to imagine”. As exemplified in the author’s work, a 0.6°C-rise in temperature caused hundreds of species to move poleward the previous century from which could be predicted how species transport might behave this time toward a 2-6°C temperature increase in the next 100 years. To cope with global warming, apparently, plant and animal species all over the world shift their range from lower to higher grounds and latitudes. Humans, however, could not help intervene in the course... of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Karen Horneys Psychology

...Karen Horney was a Neo-psycho analyst specialist (Cea 13).She made great contribution to the study and research of psychoanalysis and feminine psychology. She used a number of theories to try and explain the nature of a feminine mind. Horney’s theory is the best theories that ever existed. They are based on her personal life and how she overcame her problems. Horney’s personal life and how she was able to deal and solve her problems is used as the main motivation underlying her psychology. According to her, the concept of neurosis and psychoanalysis involves inner conflict. This aspect made her theory to be one of the best theories to explain neurosis. Neurosis is a disturbance caused by fears, worries and how to defend oneself... from...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Summary of Karen Musalos Article When Rights and Culture Collide

...Summary of Karen Musalo’s Article When Rights and Culture CollideKaren Musalo is the author of a compelling article titled When Rights and Culture Collide which she wrote in a reflection in a case she had handled that concerned human rights. She begins by relating the story of Fauziya Kasinga a girl from Togo who faced a challenge brought about by culture colliding with the rights. After presenting details of the story, Musalo then advances to offer a...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Women's rights and culture

... Women’s Rights and Culture Thesis There is a strong inter-link between culture and women’s right. There is a high probability that culture has acted as a trigger to the violation of certain aspects of women’s, while at the same time facilitating the protection of certain aspects of women’s rights. Bibliography "When Rights and Cultures Collide." When Rights and Cultures Collide. Web. 2 Nov. 2014. . Top of Form Bottom of Form "Mahnaz Afkhami." Cultural Relativism and Women’s Human Rights. Web. 2 Nov. 2014. cultural-relativism-and-womens-human-rights/>. Top of Form Bottom of Form "Culture Clash: The Law, Womens Rights... and Real-world Solutions." OpenDemocracy. Web. 2 Nov. 2014....
2 Pages(500 words)Annotated Bibliography

Karen Lock Organic Hampers

...inflation and decrease in salaries meaning that people are not in a position to spend in expensive products when there are cheaper alternatives. This is an implication that Karen Lock will have to make sure that the products that are produced by the company are an affordable as possible so that majority of the people in the UK will be able to afford them because of the rate of inflation and hard economic times. 3. Social The preference of customers in the UK has been observed to be highly affected by beliefs. The UK society has widely grown aware of the effects of some of the chemical compounds in the products that they consume. This has led to the growth of a segment of consumers in the UK who wants...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic When Rights and Cultures Collide written by Karen Musalo for FREE!

Contact Us