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Theoretical On Anorexia and Bulimia Name Institution Theoretical On Anorexia and Bulimia According to DSM-IV-TR, eating disorders are severe disturbances of an individual’s eating behavior. DSM-IV-TR focuses on two categories of eating disorders, which are anorexia and bulimia nervosa…
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Download file to see previous pages This challenges the diagnosis and treatment of the disorders. Anorexia and bulimia nervosa are major eating disorders. The criteria used by DSM-IV-TR shows that most patients present both bulimia and anorexia. The criteria shows that close to 50 percent of patients with anorexia develop bulimic symptoms. Additionally, a significant percentage of patients with bulimic symptoms show anorexic symptoms. Anorexia nervosa occurs as a condition where the patient refuses to maintain normal body weight. These individuals have a fear of gaining weight (National Eating Disorder Association, 2013). Anorexia and bulimia are the major eating disorders supported by theories such as the social learning, object relation and cognitive behavior theory. It is worth stating that interpersonal and cognitive behavior therapies are useful during treatment of anorexia and bulimia. Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia Nervosa is one of the primary eating disorders, in which patients show irrational fear of weight gain and immoderate food restrictions. Additionally, patients show a distorted body self-perception. Anorexia typically involves weight loss, and it is usually found in women than in men. People with anorexia restrict the amount of food they consume because they fear gaining weight. Restricting food intake leads to hormonal and metabolic disorders. The characteristics for anorexia include inappropriate eating habits, low body weight and an obsession for a thin body figure (National Eating Disorder Association, 2013). These characteristics are coupled with a distorted self-image, maintained by different cognitive biases. People with anorexia usually view themselves as excessively fat, even though they are already underweight. They practice repetitive weighting, mirror gazing, measuring as well as other obsessive actions. They practice these activities in order to ensure that they are still thin. People with anorexia may feel hungry, but they deny themselves food. They eat small quantities of food despite the hunger. The average Caloric intake of an individual with anorexia is 600-800 calories daily (National Eating Disorder Association, 2013). The disorder is a severe mental condition with high incidences of comorbidity. People with anorexia have high levels of the ghrelin hormone, which is a hormone that indicates a psychological need for food. The high levels of this hormone suggest that these people are hungry, and the body does not receive its desired food portion. The patient suppresses ignores or overrides the hunger call. Anorexia patients exhibit numerous symptoms. The disorder with associated malnutrition may lead to self-imposed starvation and cause complications in major organ systems. Hypokalemia, which is a drop in potassium levels, is a significant sign of anorexia. The drop in blood potassium levels may lead to constipation, muscle damage, fatigue, paralysis and abnormal heart rhythms. Close to 50-75 percent of people with anorexia, suffer from depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder (Kaye, 2007). Patients with this condition refuse to maintain a healthy body mass index. They experience dramatic weight loss and absence of menstrual cycles for three consecutive times. These individuals are usually obsessed with the amount of fat and calories in their food, recipes and cooking methods of food. Recent studies show that prevalent symptoms of the disorder, such as obsessive compulsivity, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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