Prisons and the Causes of Recidivism of Inmates Institutional Affiliation Abstract Statistics shows that the number of people in prisons is alarming. Worse still, the rate of re-offending among ex-prisons has also been overwhelming despite the correctional measures of combating criminal activities…
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The rate of ex-offenders finding their way back to the prisons is alarming. This is due to a combination of factors which is related to but not limited to the prison conditions, lack of education programs, effects of imprisonment, discrimination, and psychopath among other factors. Prisoners find it difficult to adjust to normal society life due to poor educational, social, psychological, and financial position. The unwillingness of the society and family members to understand the needs of the ex-prisoners, welcome them to the society, and support them to lead a successful life are main factors contributing to recidivism. The current strategies for reducing crime in the society are not effective and should be blamed for the increase of recidivism. This research paper will explore the causes of recidivism among prisoners. Prisons and the Causes of Recidivism of Inmates Introduction Recidivism refers to recurring or repeating undesirable behaviors despite of the earlier experienced negative consequences. Recidivism is an important issue of study, which entails analysis of the factors resulting to its development. This scenario is very common among inmates in prisons. Despite the treatment, punishment, and training of inmates to extinguish the bad behaviors, they usually adopt it again. Recidivism is also used to mean the number of prisoners being rearrested for similar offenses. Recidivism is used in conjunction with substance abuse and criminal behavior. Scientific literature at times refers recidivism of sexual offenders as the frequency with which they are detected or apprehended for committing the undesirable behaviors after release from prison. Criminal recidivism is attributed to psychopath. In this case, psychopath is uninhibited gratification in aggressive impulses, sexual acts or criminal acts. Recidivism among prisoners can also be attributed to the inability to learn from previous mistakes. Inmates or people who demonstrate recidivism gain satisfaction through antisocial behavior as well as lack of remorse from the actions. For an action among an inmate to be counted as recidivism, the repetition of the undesirable actions calls for disclosure of arrest or conviction. This research paper will discuss and analyze the issue of prisons and the causes of recidivism. Prisons and the Causes of Recidivism of Inmates The modern criminal justice system takes imprisonment as a form of sanction from antisocial behavior. Imprisonment has of the years grown as a key tool for incapacitation and deterrence from criminal activities. Empirical literature on crime and punishment has concentrated on deterrent as the main approach to reducing criminal activity. Nevertheless, there is raising concern on the number of repetitive crimes. Many prisoners are going back to criminal activities after their release. Literature on prisons and recidivism has offered diverse knowledge on the causes of recidivism among prisoners. For the sake of policy, it is essential to understand how prison conditions influences recidivism. For instance, some researchers have argued that changing the conditions of prisons may be relatively less costly and easier than interventions. There are different punitive situations and conditions such as health services, overcrowding, and social activities which influence inmates to seek satisfaction thro
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Changes in American crime policy and sentencing policy are the key contributor to high incarceration rates (Bloom & Covington, 2003, p.1). Moreover, prison sentences in the US are generally longer and hash; indeed, the rise of incarceration rates coincide with the inception of tough sentencing policies.
The grounds may include poverty, unemployment, discriminations, drug or alcohol addiction, peer pressure, greed, lack of accountability, imbalance mental condition and many more (Pierce, 2006). Every country has a set of rules, regulations, and laws that the citizens should abide by.
To alleviate these issues, particularly the cost factor, many states have encouraged the private sector to construct and operate new prisons. It remains an arguable topic, however, whether or not states should control its prison system or transfer some of the responsibility to private companies.
Along with prison population, rate of sexual and other form of violence, sexual victimization also increased which costs more on exchequer to hire more guards to maintain law and order. At the same time, rate of recidivism is also said to be high in US as that of two-thirds of released prisoners will be incarcerated within three years for the repeated offence, which reflects the system and effectiveness of rehabilitation program carried out by the prison authority.
In England, the criminal justice system focuses on reducing and mitigating criminal offences by bringing the offenders to justice, and upholds the confidence of the public that the system is free and fair. In United States of America, the criminal justice system is the means for society to enforce standards of conduct, which are important at protecting the individual and the community.
Of these inmates, the male inmates were 1,337,668 while the female inmates accounted for 96, 125. The number of the female inmates has been on upward trend. From 1977 to 2004, the population of the inmates has increased by 757%.
This rate has since then continued to increase and thus causing congestion and deplorable conditions in prison facilities. As such, there is a need to pursue means that will enable the state to prevent repeat offenses by ensuring that convicts are properly rehabilitated and reformed before they are released.
They came with different opinions on criminal recidivism as experts suggest psychotic disorders or mental health as their main reasons (Scott, 2010, p 3). Others put emphasis on poverty, poor education and disparities as their main reason for recidivism (Clear, Resig & Cole 2010, p 2).
Recidivism is typically measured through the return of former prisoners to prison for new offenses. Recidivism rates mirror the extent to which rehabilitative systems have been able to rehabilitate prisoners, as well as the role correctional programs play with regard to the integration of prisoners into society.
Governments work hard to decrease recidivism rates because an increase illustrates an incapability of released convicts to become productive and functioning members of the society after having served their sentence. For this reason, it is extremely essential that an accurate measurement of the tendency towards recidivism of a society be attained.
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