Indigenous Australians and Social Exclusion Name Institution Abstract This paper articulates on social exclusion of the indigenous community in Australia. In essence, it analysis various significant disadvantages that are the root cause of the social exclusion, over and above, giving the reasons as to why the government has not been able to address the issue for over a decade…
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Social exclusion originated from France, over and above, having many affinities with the French Republic particularly on solidarity and social bond. Of importance to note is that social exclusion has numerous definitions. Never the less, social exclusion is most frequently explained in contrast to the poverty. The continuous policy attention that has been there in Australia for the last one decade is correlated to experiencing significant disadvantage for the indigenous people. In fact, the government of Australia have come up with a strategy where a report is give out in a span of two years indicating the process in which the Australian people will be able to overcome the indigenous disadvantage that is brought about by social exclusion that has been practised for a considerable amount of time (Hills & Agulnik, 2002). Sociology on indigenous Australians and social exclusion will be carried out through secondary research in book and journals that have been written in relation to their history. In essence, the research is aimed at seeking to understand the reasons as to why the indigenous Australians were excluded from the rest of the society through sociological scholars. Apparently, social exclusion is hugely related to social inclusion as it dictates the inclusion of the indigenous community into the rest of the society. Historical Background Over the last few decades, discussions have been put across concerning the cause and consequences of poverty. The focus of poverty has deviated from the usual norm of lack of income to particular groups of people into the norm of social exclusion or social inclusion. In essence, the term social exclusion has its origin in Europe as a response to the crisis witnessed in the welfare of states and the social disintegration that was brought about the social and economic crises. According to sociologists, social exclusion is a term that has numerous meaning. Simply, social exclusion describes a wide range of phenomena and processes that are connected to poverty and dispossession. Additionally, it entails social, cultural and political disadvantages that are mostly linked to groups of people who might be excluded in the society (Daly, 2005). It is worth noting that social exclusion and social inclusion are contested concepts that are generated from a framework of numerous ideas of social science, disciplinary and theoretical perspective, political ideologies, over and above, national discourse. However, it is questionable whether these contested concepts have had any impact on the economy. Apparently, they have been argued to have political and moral impacts where social exclusion is said to be ‘bad’ while social inclusion is ‘desirable’ with a continuous urge to have the excluded people being included (Byrne, 2005). Furthermore, socialists argue that there is a need to have numerous meanings which are of theory, method and politics to pave the way for better research that would lead to better social policies. Consequently, social exclusion and social inclusion are said to be theoretical concept that assist people in looking at reality rather than reality itself. The understanding of these concepts is dependent on theoretical and methodological, which bring out the consequences in relation to explanations of the two concepts. Besides, social exclusion
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“Indigenous Australians and Social Exclusion Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1477981-indigenous-australians-and-social-exclusion.
Because of colonisation and implementation of various government legislations and policies, the Indigenous Australians lost their cultural identity and became disempowered. These policies worked against the interests of people of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islands and helped pastoralists and other such groups who spread across Australia rapidly setting up stations and farms by using resources from the Indigenous people without paying them appropriately (Anderson and Grossman, 2003).
Education for the indigenous Australians is a thorny issue. Indeed, career majors and focusing on a more career development education is beneficial. Career development and opportunities enhancement are key measure for introducing students to career majors in educational institutions.
The importance of nature in the story can be inferred from this very fact, that in spite of having the option of choosing different locations to tell the entire story, Hawthorne chooses the forest in particular to narrate a story of the duality of human nature, with a particular emphasis on the evil that resides within all of us.
It`s a common knowledge that health care is an indispensable part of any country’s growth and development since it indicates a system that makes health care facilities accessible at affordable prices to all citizens. One long term challenge for the Australian governments is to enhance the health profile of Indigenous people in the country.
One of the key issues that social exclusion causes is because it is in contradiction to the right to equal opportunity. Those suffering from such a social condition are not just limited from opportunities though they have the needed qualifications; they can also be prevented from attaining the qualifications needed in the first place.
In the earlier days Indigenous people lived in total tranquility, cut off from the entire world. But in 1788 Europeans invaded their world and lead to the colonization of their untouched paradise and brought disorder, disharmony and a new western systems of legislature, enactment, principle, enforcement, courts and incarceration.
The unit was established and it was decided that policies would be planned and revised every two years.
The SEU (1997) takes a somewhat wider view in its description of its remit, describing social exclusion as a "Short-hand label for what can happen when individuals or areas suffer from a concentration of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low income, poor housing, high crime, bad health and family breakdown".
According to the report the Social Exclusion Unit describes social exclusion as “a shorthand label for what can happen when individuals or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, high crime environments, bad health and family breakdown”.
Assimilation has been unsuccessful in terms of the lasting effects it has had on the Aboriginal people.
Cultural assimilation refers to the process whereby a minority culture gradually becomes absorbed into another