There are several sociological, psychological and criminological theories that explain that explain individual behavior, and also seek to provide therapeutic frameworks that are to help the individual take on desirable behavioral traits…
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There are several sociological, psychological and criminological theories that explain that explain individual behavior, and also seek to provide therapeutic frameworks that are to help the individual take on desirable behavioral traits.
Strain theory. The strain theory has it that here are processes at the societal level which filter downwards and affect the manner an individual perceives his needs. This is to the effect that certain social structures are inherently inadequate, or that they are bereft of adequate regulation to the point of changing an individual’s perception towards the opportunities and means within his disposal. In the case of Bosket Jr., which Fox (2008) presents, it is beyond gainsay that he was raised in less privileged conditions. Underprivileged conditions are almost always amenable to crime and Harlem where Bosket Jr. was born was at the time not an exception. This is especially the case when considers the fact that Bosket Jr. and his parents are African American. African Americans were not very far from being economically empowered in the 1970s. Even with the current situation where the world thinks the African American has been adequately or relatively empowered, the poverty rate for African Americans still greatly surpass the national average. For instance, in 2010, 27.4% of African Americans are still poor, compared to 9.8% Caucasian whites and 12.1% who are Asians (Agnew and Timothy, 2011). With the aforementioned case of disparity of fortunes among races, the African American race is more predisposed to think that systems are biased against it, and easily resort to crime, as a way of earning a living. This is the very reason Willie Sr. shot dead two people in a Milwaukee shop, immediately Bosket Jr. was conceived. As a matter of fact, the coinciding of Bosket’s birth with Willie’s crime may indicate the possibility of financial distress on the side of Willie Sr. (Fox, 2008) Bosket is not an exception to the dictates of strain theory. All the three acts of murder he committed, he did when on a robbing spree. For instance, in his murder of Mr. Noel Perez, he was attempting a robbery near 148 Street’s last stop. When he shot Moises Perez, he was also trying another robbery in train number 3, which was parked at 145 Street station. In his third act of murder where he shot dead an employee at a Lenox Terminal Yard, he was trying to rob the NYC Subway. In this case, it is clear that Bosket’s serious crimes were economically-catalyzed. Had Bosket hailed from a middle income earning, he probably would not have committed the three murders. Secondly, the strain theory has it that the unequal and inadequate socioeconomic structures subject an individual to frictions and pains as he attempts to meet his needs. This means that Bosket may have also committed these crimes out of these pains and frictions. Solutions to how Bosket’s life of delinquency It is true that Bosket’s could have been avoided and that he was not destined for a life of crime. The best way to handle Bosket’s problem was for the juvenile authorities to counsel Mrs. Laura (Bosket’s mother) into a responsible parent and then empower economically, so that she can ably take care of Bosket. Bosket should have also been placed under intensive counseling and rehabilitative care. Social learning theory According to Agnew and Timothy (2011), social learning theory postulates that people learn and acquire traits within the context of the society. This postulation may be applicable since Bosket had not only been sired and partly raised by Willie Sr. who was a murderer, but Willie Sr. also derived a lot of
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In addition, they deal with stigma, harassment threat and violence due to their sexual orientation. Shocking statistics show that 31% of gay youth have faced threat and have been injured in the last one year (Bureau of Justice Statistics Datasets, 2012). As the number of LGBT community increases every day, the society needs to be enlightened on their rights.
Therefore, the discussions on juvenile delinquency have assumed greater significance in countries like America. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has paved the way for many films too. The film, Lord of the Flies (1990), modelled upon the novel, ‘The Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding takes the boys’ attitude towards delinquency.
Sociologically, crime and deviance can be viewed as the externalities or acts that are harmful to the individual and society at large, which are prohibited and punishable by law. Each and every social setting has mores, values, beliefs and expected standards that govern interaction of the members and in the long run help to streamline coexistence.
However, by looking at three specific delinquent acts, it becomes possible to see that theories in sociology and psychology aptly explain both simultaneously.
Consider for a moment the delinquent act of shoplifting. Some researchers would argue that individuals who engage in this act have found that the risk of getting caught is worth the acquisition of the possessions gained in the act.
This paper elucidates the relationship between marijuana and juvenile delinquency. It attempts to look into the probable reason/s why a young man could commit a crime against his friend or the latter’s family, and what are the most appropriate actions a victim should do upon discovering the same.
Now, what is the family? It is where the child is born, raised, educated and cared for. The basic functions of the family are: reproduction, protection, socialization, regulation of sexual behavior, affection and
al 2011).Individual theories of delinquency consist of the choice, biological and psychological theories. These theories mainly oppose the view that the environment is to blame for different kinds of behaviours. Instead, they insist that the blame should be
Individuals are responsible for personal behavior, since they opt for crime rather than any other law-abiding courses of action. In addition, people are finally responsible to the whole community of which they form part of, so if such persons do
Following the incidence, prosecutors filed fitness claims so that he could be charged in an adult criminal court for an attempt to murder. The charge could have seen him serve a sentence of 15 years. However, after a lengthy discussion with his family, Shawn pleaded guilty to the charges so that the juvenile system could punish him.
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