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Theories of Juvenile Delinquency - Essay Example

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There are several sociological, psychological and criminological theories that explain that explain individual behavior, and also seek to provide therapeutic frameworks that are to help the individual take on desirable behavioral traits…
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Theories of Juvenile Delinquency

Download file to see previous pages... There are several sociological, psychological and criminological theories that explain that explain individual behavior, and also seek to provide therapeutic frameworks that are to help the individual take on desirable behavioral traits.
Strain theory. The strain theory has it that here are processes at the societal level which filter downwards and affect the manner an individual perceives his needs. This is to the effect that certain social structures are inherently inadequate, or that they are bereft of adequate regulation to the point of changing an individual’s perception towards the opportunities and means within his disposal. In the case of Bosket Jr., which Fox (2008) presents, it is beyond gainsay that he was raised in less privileged conditions. Underprivileged conditions are almost always amenable to crime and Harlem where Bosket Jr. was born was at the time not an exception. This is especially the case when considers the fact that Bosket Jr. and his parents are African American. African Americans were not very far from being economically empowered in the 1970s. Even with the current situation where the world thinks the African American has been adequately or relatively empowered, the poverty rate for African Americans still greatly surpass the national average. For instance, in 2010, 27.4% of African Americans are still poor, compared to 9.8% Caucasian whites and 12.1% who are Asians (Agnew and Timothy, 2011). With the aforementioned case of disparity of fortunes among races, the African American race is more predisposed to think that systems are biased against it, and easily resort to crime, as a way of earning a living. This is the very reason Willie Sr. shot dead two people in a Milwaukee shop, immediately Bosket Jr. was conceived. As a matter of fact, the coinciding of Bosket’s birth with Willie’s crime may indicate the possibility of financial distress on the side of Willie Sr. (Fox, 2008) Bosket is not an exception to the dictates of strain theory. All the three acts of murder he committed, he did when on a robbing spree. For instance, in his murder of Mr. Noel Perez, he was attempting a robbery near 148 Street’s last stop. When he shot Moises Perez, he was also trying another robbery in train number 3, which was parked at 145 Street station. In his third act of murder where he shot dead an employee at a Lenox Terminal Yard, he was trying to rob the NYC Subway. In this case, it is clear that Bosket’s serious crimes were economically-catalyzed. Had Bosket hailed from a middle income earning, he probably would not have committed the three murders. Secondly, the strain theory has it that the unequal and inadequate socioeconomic structures subject an individual to frictions and pains as he attempts to meet his needs. This means that Bosket may have also committed these crimes out of these pains and frictions. Solutions to how Bosket’s life of delinquency It is true that Bosket’s could have been avoided and that he was not destined for a life of crime. The best way to handle Bosket’s problem was for the juvenile authorities to counsel Mrs. Laura (Bosket’s mother) into a responsible parent and then empower economically, so that she can ably take care of Bosket. Bosket should have also been placed under intensive counseling and rehabilitative care. Social learning theory According to Agnew and Timothy (2011), social learning theory postulates that people learn and acquire traits within the context of the society. This postulation may be applicable since Bosket had not only been sired and partly raised by Willie Sr. who was a murderer, but Willie Sr. also derived a lot of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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