In order to address the growing numbers of homeless people in Florida, the government provides assistance through provision of funding to homeless shelters, organizations and groups that cater to the homeless, medical needs, among others…
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420.625 that focuses on Grant-in-Aid programs to generate additional funding for homelessness prevention was made through Senate Bill 1130, wherein contributions from different agencies are to be collected from applicants by allotting a certain percentage that would go to the care for the homeless and homelessness prevention programs sponsored by the government, as well as assigning agencies to track and monitor the progress of homeless families and their development towards achieving self-sufficiency (Florida House of Representatives, 2012). However, because the amendment was in effect less than a year after being passed, there are no current analyses on its increased efficiency in the prevention of homelessness or in increasing funds for these programs. Thus to be able to assess the effectiveness of amendments in homelessness prevention programs, studies that were already done in different states or under national levels regarding such issues would be presented, so as to see the potential impact of an enhancement in homelessness aid and prevention policies, as well as to find out if the cost-benefit analyses for such provisions could justify the amendment or not. Content Analysis The first federal law passed addressing the needs of the homeless was the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, which provides support to homeless persons through various programs for assistance (Burt, et al., 2002). The law was created in hopes of decreasing the number of homeless persons across the nation however it was hampered by the lack of properly structured programs and sustainable goals. Thus each state devised their own plans in homelessness prevention according to the needs of the citizens in need. Statute No. 420.625 aims to provide funding for private and government agencies that support and assist homeless shelters and prevention programs in Florida (Florida Legislature, 2013). The statute does not specifically mention as to how funding for homelessness prevention programs and aids would be allotted, how the programs would become sustainable over time, and how these sustainability programs would be monitored and by whom, which entails some amendments describing accountabilities. Senate Bill 1130 was passed as an amendment to Statute No. 420.625 in order to make the processes clearer, stating what would be changes in the budget allocations to increase fund allotment for homelessness prevention programs (Florida House of Representatives, 2012). Based on its content, applicants for registrations such as vehicle license renewals now have options to donate a fixed amount that would go to funds of homeless prevention and aids programs. Also, certain allocations for administrative needs would be diverted instead to funds that support homeless aids, as well as requiring agencies that receive funding to submit reports on monitoring families that were chosen as grantees for self-sufficiency programs. The amendment’s inclusion of clauses stating as to where the additional funds would come from, as well as which persons or entities shall be allotted funds with clarifies possible problems such as identifying who shall be accountable and responsible for the funds. Without a policy that assigns specific bodies accountable and responsible for execution of plans, problems such as fund allocations and an inaccurate selection process for grantees could make the system inefficient and costly. Impact Analysis Through a continuum of programs that ultimately prevent homelessness altogether, it is expected that there would be an improvement in the economy since productive and self-sufficient
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For the United States, the growing threat of Hispanization of the country has led to increased fears of illegal immigration, especially from Mexico. Florida is one of the states in the United States along with Arizona has seen huge waves of illegal migration of Hispanics from Mexico.
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