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What is culture Conceptions of culture.The significance of national identity as a source of individuals culture - Essay Example

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The term “culture” indicates the beliefs, customs, language, dress, norms and values, roles, diet, skills, knowledge, competences, and everything else that is learnt by people and plays a role in shaping a society’s way of life…
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What is culture Conceptions of culture.The significance of national identity as a source of individuals culture

Download file to see previous pages... The term “culture” indicates the beliefs, customs, language, dress, norms and values, roles, diet, skills, knowledge, competences, and everything else that is learnt by people and plays a role in shaping a society’s way of life. Socialization helps the transfer and continued growth and nurturing of culture in the subsequent generations. Although a vast majority of members of a society have different aspects of the daily life in common, yet different definitions and conceptions of culture exist within the general approach. Conceptions of culture Dominant culture A society’s dominant culture is its main culture that is accepted and shared by the majority without opposition. For instance, the British culture is characterized by it being patriarchal, white, and unequal, wherein the things of the white males are regarded as worthwhile and are given more importance as compared to the things of females or of the minority ethnic groups (Browne, 2008, p. 32). Likewise, views of the more powerful and rich people regarding the valuable aspects of the culture are considered more important than the views of the less powerful and rich. Subculture A subculture is the culture of a particular community or a group of people within the dominant culture. A subculture has many aspects common with the dominant culture with certain differences. Examples of subculture include the culture of gypsies and of gays. Folk culture Folk culture is the culture of the local communities....
Low culture is the everyday culture that is undemanding, easily comprehensible, and simple unlike the high culture that is special or set apart. Although low culture is aimed at common people, yet it lacks roots in the routinely experiences of the ordinary people. The significance of national identity as a source of individuals’ culture National identity can be defined as “The set of meanings that individuals impute to their membership in an ethnic community, including those attributes that bind them to that collectivity and that distinguish it from others in their relevant environment” (Esman, 1994, p. 27). National identity plays a very important role in shaping an individual’s culture and is amongst the fundamental determinants of culture. Various scholars and researchers have commented on the relation between national identity and culture. Delanty (1996) writes, “Nationalism no longer appeals to ideology but to identity. Thus the predominant form that national identity takes today is that of cultural nationalism” (Delanty, 1996). Michael Billig’s postmodern theory of nationalism considers the production and reproduction of national identity by daily social practices. Billig (1995) uses nationalism as a way to describe a practice rather than a doctrine or theory. By nationalism, he primarily means to refer to civic nationalism. Billig (1995) asserts that nationalism and national identity’s active reproduction continually occurs within all states of a nation. Delanty (1996) comments on Billig’s theory in these words, “One of the pervasive forms the new nationalism takes is what Billig calls 'banal nationalism', the nationalism which pervades everyday life” (Delanty, 1996). Vucetic (2004) ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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