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Criminology - Essay Example

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Many sociologists have tried to explain the right perspective of viewing who should be responsible for the commitment of crime using different theories. However, all these theories explain why crime exists in the current world…
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Download file to see previous pages Strain may originate from structural institutions. This refers to the societal level procedures that are ultimately conveyed down to the crime actors that form part of the society. Later, most of them start to view needs based on such structural institutions. The level of circulation or regulation of a particular social system (Muncie & McLaughlin, 2005) .In this sense, an individual has to have trouble and friction in trying to achieve the goals and expectations of the society establishes the perceptions of a criminal regarding his threats or opportunities. In some circumstances, when these anticipations are so vital to the person, then he or she might be tempted to acquire them through any means possible without solemn consideration of how legitimate the means is. The Labeling theory of criminology The theory focuses on the relations between an individual and the people in power or other groups who label someone as a criminal. It is from such relational experiences that actors will construct names, identifications, and images of deviancy, which reinforce and promote unintentionally, the very character they seek to prevent. According to the labeling theory, deviance is never natural in any act, but it is initiated when laws and regulations applied to behavior are regarded as offensive. In this point of view, the interaction between the definers and the rules or the labelers is visualized as processual, from which the claim of a “deviant” label has a number of societal and individual psychological impacts. This means that as soon as one has been successfully tagged as a deviant or a criminal, the label attached may result to a “master status” or dominant label, which is focused upon more than the other characters of an individual. Eventually, a person is...
Many sociologists have tried to explain the right perspective of viewing who should be responsible for the commitment of crime using different theories. However, all these theories explain why crime exists in the current world.People are finally responsible to the whole community of which they form part of, so if such persons do not act responsibly towards the society, they ought to be held accountable by the law. Several theories have been put forth to support the concept that criminal offences are indeed caused by both the society and the individual. They include: The rational choice theory This is based upon the argument that every person has a capability of using his intelligent thought when committing any crime. Similarly, social behavior is an antagonism of a sequence of behavioral acts that are influenced and conducted by rational people. This indicates that prospective criminals act with the effect of particular beliefs and values of the society. There is a supposition that all actors are quite conscious of the means and the values needed to carry out a crime. In most cases, individuals commit crime to respond to any rule, regulation, belief, or expectation of the society. The society on the other hand may push an individual too hard, and finally when the individual lacks a better option, crime is the answer. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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