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Exam 2 - Research Paper Example

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Insert Name Insert Grade Course Insert 27th October 2012 Sociology Accountability in public administration is the obligations a leader has; to explain, inform and justify circumstances to the higher authorities. The higher authority may be internal or external…
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Download file to see previous pages The second step is building personal values. The following level is establishing morals that are based on values and principle a person has acquired in the second level. The last level involves development of character traits based on value and principles. Little lies are deceptions that a leader may use to confuse the followers. They involve distortion of facts. They are leaders’ creation that is aimed to favor his side of view. Big lies are those propagandas that are spread to distort the truth. It was first coined by Adolf Hitler when he was a ruler in Germany. It was a lie that was used by Jews to blame Germany’s loss in the World War 1 on one of their officers. Dirty hands dilemma is a situation which faces a leader so that he is supposed to sacrifice either morality or the well being of the people he leads. The leader is deeply constrained by circumstances to behave in a way that will favor the community. This is what causes the argument of the ends justifying the means. Max Weber was a German sociologist who was arguing for social action to be explained using interpretive rather than empirical methods. He argued that people should be understood according to the way they give interpretations to their actions. He says that empirical methods should not be used to explain social actions because justification of actions can only be found in the mind of people who are acting (Anonymous par 5-8). The theory of scientific management was advanced by Fredrick Taylor. He argued that scientific skills should be included in management of organizations in place of use of skilled craftsmen. His theory was centered on improving workers productivity. However, the negative side of the theory is that he rules out the value of incentives and initiatives to workers. The theory also would result in monotony in work. The theory separates the leaders from other workers making it difficult to manage from a good organizational behavior. The positive thing about the theory is that it emphasizes on the training of workers on the scientific method. The theory of complex adaptive systems argues that relationships should be centered on the system of the organizations. This theory is complicated to achieve comparing the part of people acting differently in their areas and differently in an organization. The theory of complex adaptive systems helps to build a team with awareness of means of operation within their organization. This promotes the rate of achieving organizational goals and displacement of workers. The most relevant theorist in modern public is Max Weber for he emphasizes on understanding people from their perspective. This makes it easy to implement issues because a leader will have in mind the thinking of the people. Making policies and having the workers adhere to them can easily be achieved through this kind of thinking. Organizational behavior is the study of how people as individuals or as a group use their knowledge within an organization. Organizational behavior investigates possibilities of making the work efficient. Group dynamics are important consideration because people in an organization represent different values and principles. People in an organization have different attitudes towards everything because of their cultures and socialization. The two theories of McGregor are important consideration in an organizatio ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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