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Evaluation Research (Research Methods of Sociology) - Assignment Example

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The Tuskegee Syphilis Study was carried out in order to determine the probable effects of syphilis on human beings especially in the later and more complex stages of the disease. Moreover, researchers wanted to use a syphilis study to answer broader questions …
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Evaluation Research (Research Methods of Sociology)
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Download file to see previous pages The Tuskegee Syphilis Study was carried out in order to determine the probable effects of syphilis on human beings especially in the later and more complex stages of the disease. Moreover, researchers wanted to use a syphilis study to answer broader questions such as if black men possessed the same make up as white men in terms of their response to syphilis. The study was conducted using clandestine techniques for over four decades but the results proved inconclusive. In a similar manner, studies were carried out to see if lead contained in human and industrial waste could be tied down into the soil such that its ingestion would cause no damage. The studies were conducted in impoverished African American neighborhoods and included lead based testing on children (Snyder). The results of the studies failed to substantiate any real means to tie down lead so that it may be less harmful to the human body and mind. 2. Provide at least five distinct and specific similarities between the two studies and discuss them thoroughly. Were there any significant differences? Both studies were carried out in impoverished African American neighborhoods where people were more willing to cooperate with authorities for some small incentive. The Tuskegee Syphilis Study project used men as guinea pigs for observations on syphilis while the sludge based study used children as guinea pigs for observing lead ingestion. ...
The largest difference between the studies is the time frame that they were conducted in. The Tuskegee Syphilis Study was begun in the thirties and continued into the seventies while the lead ingestion study is more recent. 3. Were the studies ethical… why or why not? What responsibility, if any, do you think the United States should have for the test subjects or family members of the test subjects for both studies? The studies were not ethical since human beings were being experimented upon without their proper permission. Moreover, human beings were being exposed to willful harm by a government agency. The government of a nation is construed by its people with a charter to protect the lives and safety of its people. The studies carried out in both cases failed to preserve the lives and safety of the involved populations. The United States government owes indemnity based responsibilities to the involved test subjects and their families (Reverby). Not only should these people be offered compensation but they should also be provided with free medical care to mitigate the consequences of experimentation. In addition, the government ought to try the involved officials under codes such as those used for the Nuremberg trials. The acts committed against innocent people in peace time in the guise of medical treatment and help are far worse than actions taken against innocent people in times of war. 4. From Allan Brandt’s article, discuss, if any, clear and specific examples of bias on the part of the researchers. From the article, what specific examples are there of racism? Researchers saw the African American as an abomination on nature’s part. The views held by researchers at the end of the nineteenth century and the start of the twentieth ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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