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Samoa is formed by a group of islands (nine) in the Pacific Ocean. The islands played an important role in colonization of the Pacific region by the major Western powers. According to statistics collected in 2009, the country has a population of approximately 183,203 with life expectancy being 66 years for male and 70 years for females. The composition of GDP by sector stood at services 75.4%, industry 13.2, and agriculture 3.4%. The Samoan economy largely depends on tourism, capital flows, agriculture and manufactured exports. Since 1962, when Samoa got independence, the country is governed by an elected parliament. The country’s economy has been struggling to regain its lost glory after two consecutive cyclones that hit it, in 1990. Since then, the government has tried to introduce different economic reforms in order to improve the economy with no success. Some of the measures that were set aside by the government include liberalization of exchange control. Although some improvements were recorded in 1994-1996, the economic growth slowed down by the end of the decade. The condition was worsened by tsunami and an economic downturn that followed the tsunami. Consequently, according to the statistics by United Nation, Samoa is categorized among the 50 least developed countries in the world (UNDP & Samoa Bureau of Statistics, 2010). A study conducted showed that poverty and inequality in Samoa are a key hindrance to the development of the country. Scholars have divided the major causes of poverty in Samoa into three: Economic causes, Social causes and Political causes. One major economic cause is the issue of difficulty in exploiting resources. This can very clearly illustrated by the ignorance or undervaluation of domestic tourism in the country (Scheyvens, 2007). Study has indicated that while the country is very keen on promoting tourism internationally, domestic tourism is completely ignored and this has been a major pull back since a lot of revenue which lies with domestic tourists is lost. The government tends to focus on maximizing its foreign exchange earnings and will therefore mostly ignore the part of domestic tourism. This is due to the belief that with the high foreign exchange earnings the government will be able to pay its foreign debt. The government also has an assumption that more money can be earned by attracting tourists who can afford luxurious goods and services. Contrary to this assumption, study shows that domestic tourism also makes a significant economic contribution since it is not subject to problems arising from travel booking systems, changing international tastes, perceived economic threats or world economic threats. Moreover, while the international tourism will be subject to fluctuations due to seasonal changes, domestic tourism on the other hand can hold a constant number of tourists for a long period of time, unless affected by external forces such as natural disasters. A social cause of poverty in Samoa is the lack of access to basic services (Amosa, 2012). A recent research conducted showed that the citizens of Samoa had unlimited access to health provision, decent meals and clean water. The problem of sanitation is also rampant in the country due to lack of fresh water for cleaning. Consequently, sanitation affects both domestic and international tourism in the country thus, leading to increased poverty levels in the country. A survey conducted in the year 2002 and 2008 also indicated that Samoa had been trying to advance in its social development but still, the subject of inequity was very rampant in the country with most of the households struggling to meet their basic needs (UNDP, 2010). A key
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“Poverty in Samoa Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1456288-poverty-in-samoa.
It may also occur when people have less money or possessions than is considered acceptable socially. Poverty is an important issue in today’s society, and many people struggle to have enough money to live and to feed themselves and their family. People of many demographic backgrounds are affected by poverty, and there is a wide range of factors that lead people into this area.
Another aim of this paper is to discuss whether it is the responsibility of the government or the private organization to assist the poor people and to draw a comparison between domestic poverty and international poverty. I also bring out the various variations in how different countries define poverty.
On page 1, we are told that she considers herself to be a victim of abject poverty who was inducted into a poverty-stricken cycle by her colleagues at school and her mother. She therefore feared that due to discrimination and inequality between the social classes she would remain in that cycle and her children would follow suit.
Majority of these developed countries will attempt to conceal the real face of poverty in their countries and the fact that it does exist, within their borders with no consideration for skin color, gender, or race. Jo Godwin Parker in “What is Poverty”, contends that poverty afflicts peoples lives slowly, destroying what they have until they are left with nothing, exposing them to sacrifices and hardships that they must undergo with the aim of simply slowing down the process (Parker 1).
On the other hand, relative poverty is defined as the economic inequality in the society or location in which people live. The report will portray secular view on poverty. Characteristics of Poverty There are several characteristics of poverty. Individuals who are considered under the below poverty line generally deprive of good treatment facility, education facility, housing facility and healthy food distribution facility.
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revolve around the ill will of the Americans, it extends beyond that, and touches those delicate areas where the distinction between evil intentions and collateral damage merge under the haze. For instance, the educational programs on television might be helpful for children in
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