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Japanese Schooling System - Research Paper Example

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School system varies according to countries and depends on cultures inherent to these countries. School systems are characteristic of students released to the job market as the skills learned in these systems play a significant role in portraying the qualification of individuals in the job market…
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Japanese Schooling System
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Download file to see previous pages In addition to teaching curriculum in school systems, there are elaborate methods applied to enhance attitudes, values, and indigenous characteristics of school system offering specific characteristics to students in a particular school system (Wray 75). The indigenous characteristic of each school system in a country is related to the quality of education in these countries and the competitiveness of respective graduates in the global market. As the forces of globalization trickle to the entire world, school systems face a challenge to adapt to these forces in embracing a borderless global market. In this paper, the Japanese school system will be considered and compared to the American school system. Japan is becoming one of the world’s largest sources of students studying in foreign universities (Gainey and Andresen 153). This implies that the forces of globalization are felt around the globe and Japanese students, in order to be in tandem with demands and skills of a globalised system, have to seek education outside their country, mostly in western countries. Therefore, compared to other education system, particularly western countries, Japanese education system has major flaws and portrays deficiencies that urgently need reforms to be in line with other educations systems which are relevant to a globalised world. According to Gainey and Andresen (153), in 1996 more than 16 million Japanese were on record to have travelled abroad, out of which 180,000 students were studying abroad. This represented about 8.1% increase compared to the previous year and the figure remained stable to the year of 2000 (Byron 248). However, 12 years earlier, in 1988, the number of students travelling abroad for studies was about 84,708. In addition, as Gainey and Andressen (153) explain, Japan is the largest source of international students in the US with more than two thirds of these students engaged in undergraduate studies. These large numbers of Japanese students studying abroad portray dissatisfaction and weaknesses in the Japanese school system which the students try to escape by searching for better studies particularly in America. In this report, the reason behind this large number of students seeking education in America and other foreign countries will be disseminated in proving the Japanese education system has major weaknesses that have been challenged by the forces of globalization. The Japanese school system follows the 6-3-3 schooling system which they inherited from the Americans during the American occupation of Japan, particularly after the Second World War (Cooke 14). However, there were some major changes making this schooling system to deviate from the American system. For example, in Japan, as Cooke elaborates, the elementary and the secondary education systems are more centralized compared to the US system with most kindergartens being private in Japan (Cooke 14). The elementary schooling in Japan covers grades 1-6, the middle school being between grades 7 and 9, with grades 10-12 attending high schools. The largest difference between the two education systems is while most of American public high schools are comprehensive, comprehensive high schools in Japan are not popular. In addition, though between 75- 80% of Japanese students enroll in university preparation tracks, most university bound students go through separate academic high schools with those who do not plan to proceed with higher education attending commercial or industrial high schools (Cooke 14). On the contrary, in American schooling system, students go though high schools based on personal choice or school district assignments. This presents more elaborate criteria of schooling than the highly ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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