Sociology Name Institution SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE In accordance to Peter Berger (1963) sociological perspective could be described as the seeing of what is general to people in a way. From this, it could be deduced that sociology seeks to know how society shapes the lives of people…
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It is by the use of the sociological perspective that sociologists are able to come in terms with what is happening in the real society (Macionis, 2005). By using sociological perspective, one could be able to see strange things in things that one commonly sees as familiar. Sociological perspective could be quit beneficial in studying sociology, since it views individuality from the social context. It can help understand how an individual’s behavior gets shaped by the society from which he or she lives (Macionis, 2005). Sociological perspective provides a third eye at looking at society in general. Sociology often tries to view the society from a different perspective and use its findings in deducing the behaviour of people. Global perspective is a form of sociological perspective where the society gets viewed as one global village. Global perspective is hence a representative picture of social perspective at a global level, but it entails a lot of things. In this, a lot is learnt regarding the many societies in the world and how each influences the people living in and around those societies. Sociological perspective hence offers a wide point of view at looking at the society. Sociology there benefits a lot from using this perspective at looking at different aspects in the society, and more over to get more information regarding people in a given society (Macionis, 2005). ...
Survey research methods ought to be used in studying attitudes, cause and effect. Survey often takes a sample of people (Macionis, 2005). Questionnaires have been the commonest research methods used in researches. Questionnaires often provide a fixed way for respondents to answer their questions and are direct in nature. When compared to methods of research like interviews and participant observation, the researcher can cover a lot of people within a short time. Just like research methods, like interviews and secondary sources, it gets subjected to some errors in the collection of information as some respondents may cheat or write mischievous information (Macionis, 2005). Interviews can also be used as a research method by sociologists in the quest for acquiring information. Interviews are a set of questions asked by the researcher to the respondent. Interviews often become used when the researcher wishes to gauge the responses and get first hand information. In addition, the researcher could be able to use both open ended and closed ended questions during the interview in order to get clarification of certain information. Interviews have also been used when the researchers are after meeting the respondents and getting to know some of the feelings about certain things. When one compares survey methods and interviews, they are similar in some ways. In contrast, one can get more information from interviews that the use of questionnaires. In addition, interviews are more prone to bias than the use of questionnaires. By the use of questionnaires, a large number of respondents could be reached within a limited time compared interviews. Before one could conduct a research, one
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