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Why Do People Go to College - Research Paper Example

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Education is not equally valued in countries worldwide. In developed countries education affects the personal and professional life of individuals. In developing countries, the level of monthly income is more critical compared to the educational background of workers…
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Why Do People Go to College
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Why Do People Go to College

Download file to see previous pages... In this context, the following question has become quite common: why do people go to college? Current paper aims to answer the above question by referring to appropriate sociological theories and empirical evidence. In this context, the following issue is also examined: is that worth to attend college? The review of the literature developed in the particular field leads to the following assumption: People are likely to go to college mostly for increasing their skills, a fact that would allow them to pursue easier a well-paid job position. However, in practice, attending college cannot guarantee a successful job position. It should be noted that the views of sociologists and researchers in regard to the value of college, and of high education in general, are differentiated, indicating a potential differentiation in the benefits of high education worldwide. Usually, education is considered as a tool for securing a well-paid position. Moreover, it seems that those who have a strong educational background are more dependent on their job. In other words, education increases the dependency of individuals on work, probably by increasing their self-confidence in regard to their skills. This assumption is verified through the study of Andersen and Taylor (2010). The above researchers studied the relationship between education and work and found out that women with a strong educational background are less likely to leave their job, compared to the women who are not well educated (Andersen and Taylor 2010). Moreover, it has been proved that highly educated women are likely to leave their job and focus on their family only when the conditions in the workplace are significantly deteriorated (Andersen and Taylor 7). This means that education influences the priorities of a person in regard to his life. Under these terms, individuals are expected to decide to attend college in order to improve their social status, either in the short or the long term. From another point of view, attending college is often considered as the only option available. Indeed, after having graduated from the high school, graduates are not given many options. In the research developed by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, it was revealed that a quite high percentage of high school graduates, about 70%, decide to continue their studies and attend college since they do not feel that there is an alternative option for them (Ferrante and Caldeira 7). Another reason for attending college, seems to be the pressure of individuals’ social environment, meaning the family but also the friends and the classmates (Ferrante and Caldeira 7). On the other hand, Kyvik notes that the high development of colleges can be traced back to 1960s; during that period the rate of entrance to universities has been extremely high. Because of this phenomenon, legislators thought that they could control the unexpected increase of universities’ students by giving more powers to colleges. The willingness of young people to attend college is also likely to have another aspect: the achievement of specific professional target. The case of athletics as a motive for entering college is such an example. In fact, it has been proved that most athletes enter a college in order to promote their career in athletics and not for increasing their knowledge. In a relevant survey referring to the college attendance of footballers, it has been revealed that only a percentage of 20% of footballers attend college for educational purposes (Yiannakis and Melnick 149). The above percentage refers to a particular educational site, Iowa State University; however, this figure reveals the actual role of educational institutes in USA in promoting knowledge. Staley and Staley (2011) note that people are ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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