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Approaches of Social Ordering in Public Space - Essay Example

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Approaches of Social Ordering In Public Space Name Professor: University: City: Date: Introduction According to Silva (2009, p. 311), order is the way individuals imagine and practice their social survival. It is the way people fit together with others and their environment…
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Download file to see previous pages This case study will form the basis for analyzing social ordering. The Road Traffic Case Silva (2009, p. 325) explains the case of road traffic in the UK. She explains that the original layout of most ancient towns in UK made provisions for the movements of people on foot or those riding on horse and later horse carriage. Initial concerns when regulations on road layout began were on the spread of fire and natural ventilation and lighting in buildings within the densely built-up environment. Further, Silva (2009, p. 325) describes that after the Second World War there was increased ownership and use of cars in UK. The increased human and car traffic lead to the decks, bridges, subways and roads being allocated to different users. This was followed by studies being commissioned to explore the varying benefits of segregation of cars and pedestrians in traffic. Buchanan published a report commissioned by UK Government in 1963 predicating the segregation of pedestrians and cars. On the other hand, Monderman’s report published later was based on the idea of shared space. Buchanan and Monderman’s Approach The Buchanan report was initiated after a realization in 1960s that cars would rule the UK transport network. According to Silva (2009, p. 326), by the time Buchanan was charged to work on the traffic problem, there were about 93 billion vehicle-kilometres on the road UK’s road network. ...
According to Silva (2009, p. 329) Buchanan’s approach was based on scientific rationality. Consequently Ministry of Transport (1963; cited in Silva, 2009, p.329) observes that the Buchanan argued that the subject of traffic in towns could be addressed on a rational and quantitative basis. Buchanan further explained that guesswork and intuition should be eliminated since many aspects can be calculated using different techniques. Buchanan advocated for segregation, with strict separation of people from vehicles. Silva (2009, p.329) notes that driving and walking were seen as not compatible. Pedestrians were allocated walking lanes in the residential blocks that terminated in quite cul-de-sacs while vehicles were apportioned their network. Silva (2009, p. 329) observes that Buchanan report led to the emergence of environmental units away from extraneous traffic. Consequently, there was creation housing units which could only be reached by indirect and at times inconvenient routes. Silva (2009, p. 329) points out that Buchanan viewed traffic as an agent with an active role of shaping people’s lives, how space is designed and the way people interact with their environment and with each other. Silva (2009, p. 331) asserts that Buchanan viewed traffic as a dangerous agent which can only be managed by segregation and bounded by laws imposed via use of visible displays in space. Silva (2009, p. 332) describes that segregation was implemented through the use of traffic lights, road markings, kerbs and railings. Monderman came up with the shared philosophy (Silva, 2009, p. 333). She observes that Monderman felt that segregation should be confined to highways while shared space could be ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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