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Policies of Combating HIV/AIDS - Research Paper Example

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Policies of Combating HIV/AIDS Name Institution Policies of Combating HIV/AIDS HIV is an abbreviation for the Human Immune-deficiency virus. In the world history, HIV is the worst epidemic in society. People infected with this virus usually develop a disease characterized by weakened immune system…
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Download file to see previous pages One of the ways is sexual transmission either through the vaginal or seminal fluids if one individual is infected. Other individuals get the virus from blood transfusions if the donor’s blood does not undergo proper screening to determine whether it is safe for use in transfusion. The sharing of needles or any pricking instrument may lead to transmission of the virus. Other transmissions occur among drug users who share injection needles. Transmissions can also occur among gay people if one member is infected. There is also the case of mother to child transmission during birth (Durham and Lashley, 2009). AIDS has caused devastating effects in society. There is no cure so far identified for this disease and it has been claiming lives. It has led to deaths of millions of people in the world. According to a UNAIDS report in November 2010 referring to the end of 2009, there was an estimated thirty four million people living with HIV/AIDS globally. Two and half million of these were children and about sixteen million were women. New infections reached an estimate of 2.6 million including children. In 2009 alone, about two million people died of this disease and there were 16.6 orphans resulting from the epidemic (Poindexter, 2010). Sub-Saharan region presented the highest number of people living with AIDS, new infections and deaths. ...
In the East Asia, seven hundred and seventy thousand people were living with AIDS, eighty two thousand new infections and thirty six thousand deaths occurred. In the Oceania region, fifty seven thousand people were living with AIDS, four thousand five hundred new infections and one thousand four hundred deaths occurred (Ehiri, 2009). In Central and South America, 1.4 million people were reportedly living with AIDS, ninety two thousand new infections and fifty eight thousand deaths occurred. In the Caribbean region, two hundred and forty thousand were living with AIDS, seventeen thousand new infections and twelve thousand deaths occurred. In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 1.4 million were living with AIDS, a hundred and thirty thousand new infections and seventy six thousand deaths occurred. In North America, 1.5million people were living with AIDS, seventy thousand new infections and twenty six thousand deaths occurred. Lastly, in the Western and Central Europe, eight hundred and twenty thousand people were living with AIDS, thirty one thousand new infections and eight thousand five hundred deaths occurred. The graph below represents the global trends of the HIV pandemic. As illustrated in the diagram, the situation has stabilized. It is evident from the statistics that the epidemic is affecting the Sub-Saharan region immensely. These estimates may not be the real facts on the ground because some newly infected individuals have not undergone diagnosis. In addition, some cases are not reported. HIV has hit the whole world and wiped out a large number since its emergence in 1980’s. The HIV virus originated from central Africa ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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