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Name Institution Word count: 2275 Gramsci and Bourdieu Theories relevance to financial crisis Introduction The year 2008 marked failures in insurance firms and banking institutions developed countries across the globe. This initiated a monetary crisis that efficiently stopped worldwide credit markets, ending in the formation of an extraordinary intervention…
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Download file to see previous pages The dominance of financial institutions was not widely recognized and accepted. Beginning from 2007, these failures in European and American banks also rippled confidence amongst bankers, making them reluctant to lend money amongst themselves, and their causal borrowers too. The social status of every seemed to alter as the media vastly spread the situation making all states rapidly hold interventions with the aim of making new resolutions. Antonio Gramsci and Pierre Bourdieu Theorists Antonio Gramsci was a prominent Italian Marxist working as a journalist and philosopher. Gramsci spent his last seven years at Mussolini’s prisons where he composed and finished 32 notebooks with nearly 3,000 pages. The notebooks were illegally traded out of prison and issued following the way in the late seventies1. The main topics and theses of the notebooks was the growth of the Marxist assumption relevant to the circumstances of enhanced capitalism. Gramsci mainly concentrated on decisive awareness, the significance of scholars playing a role in daily life. Common sense was also considered a vital aspect of his guiding themes to sustain the position have assisted the disclosure of the transformational potential of schooling2. Pierre Bourdieu, a university lecturer of sociology at College de France in Paris, underwent a double conversion from a pre-capitalist livelihood, to a consumerist one3. When moving from Denguin in the small-scale farming Bearn regions Pyrenees, to urban Paris, Bourdieu drafted with the military and became a self-taught anthropologist following his second comeback from the countryside’s of South of Algeria. As a result, Bourdieu has been well established in his theory that the basic component of modernity is the past change towards the better implication of the financial system within the entire community. Similarly, Bourdieu aims at evading the oppositions grounded on freedom and discrimination that reverberate through the associated dualism of the “individual intellect” and the “masses.” This guiding principle in his argument notes the means by which the deskilling of the inferior social classes has been gone along with the “hyper-skilling” of the mastermind4. Thesis: Gramsci would argue that the general reluctance to protest and reform the economic system stems from the hegemonic consent built thru civil society and political society5. He would also believe that the potential of the movement could be realized only through a war of position and the support of a crushing majority. As for Bourdieu, the majority are reluctant to protest because it impedes their ability to accumulate capital. Furthermore, protestors’ inability t acknowledges the structural dynamics of their domination works to stick with their subordinate social position.  How would Gramsci theorize this reluctance in relation with his concepts? 1. Hegemony Gramsci received the analysis of capitalism that was established and spread by Marx in the previous century. The theory acknowledged the thrash between the highest and the inferior social class. Marxism is also driven by a force that developed throughout the community. This precise perspective is relevant and applicable to the “ignorance” that the current society is going through concerning the dominance of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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