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Sociology: Green Critique - Research Paper Example

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Green critique Name Institution Option Two 2. How would you account for and explain the prevalence of ethnic and identity politics in Southeast Asia? Where have identity politics been most divisive or contentious in Southeast Asia? Where have they been less contentious?…
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Sociology: Green Critique
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Download file to see previous pages In the past, many countries in Southeast Asia were affected by Marxism and thus were governed in the concept of communism. Combined with the communism and nationalism, the identity politics have been extensively eroded. During the lat decade there has been considerable change in the way politics is done in South East Asia. Civil rights groups have appeared and they strive to ensure that the rights of the citizens are not infringed by anyone. However, despite the progress some countries such as Vietnam remain communistic with the citizens being denied their political rights. Communities are supposed to live in harmony and live in absolute peace (Robert D. Kaplan 1994). This therefore means that all people should strive to live mutually with one another without any source of conflict. Southeast Asia people have been known to be inclined to tribalistic approaches of life and politics. However, this trend is changing in other parts of Southeast Asia while in others it continues to remain a problem. In this study we are going to examine the cause for ethnic and identity politics in Southeast Asia and where this politics have been most divisive. We shall also look at the effects that ethnic wars have on development. The prevalence of ethnic and identity problems in Southeast Asia can be attributed to the different and many ethnic communities in many of the countries in South East Asia. Different ethnic communities often have different and diverse cultures and consequently social norms (Monica Duffy Toft 2003) One ethnic grouping may view the other as breaking social norms whereas it is not in the moral conduct of the accused grouping (Peter Wallensteen and Margareta Sollenberg 1995). This thus, leads to the grouping seeing the next one as Immoral and lacking proper behavior. During elections one grouping may opt not to vote for a certain candidate because according to them and their community he/she is not morally upright. Thus, this leads to prevalence of ethnic and identity problems in the constituent country. Another reason as to why there is a large prevalence of ethnic conflicts in Southeast Asia is because of traditions and belief that power was originally theirs (Robert D. Kaplan 1994). The large and dominant communities have the notion that leadership is their and that minority communities are not supposed to rule. This, notion often brings out conflict if two or more dominant ethnic groupings have the same mindset. The ethnic communities thus, vote as a block not necessarily for their candidate but to prevent their opponent from getting to the seat. This often leads to inter- ethnic clashes if the candidate voted for y the majority tribe does not ascend to power. Various countries form tribal functions because of repressive regimes. The following example will illustrate the notion of repressive regimes. At this time and age it is shocking to find out that Vietnam severely limits civil and political rights in order to maintain the one-party rule that is seen as essential to hold the country together (Peter Wallensteen and Margareta Sollenberg 1995). The Government owns the media in pretext of ensuring that sensitive information that could tear the country apart is not accessed by the citizens. But, despite the setbacks Vietnam has lately been coming up with many civil rights groups. But if study is done to the people who form these civil rights group ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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