Homewood, Illinois is a small village within Cook County, approximately 25 miles south of Chicago’s Loop. It prides itself on having nationally acclaimed schools, as well as a good park district and being friendly to commuters…
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Uniform Crime Report: Index Crime Rates for Homewood, Illinois
The median resident age is 39.8 years, which is older than the median age for the state, of 34.7 years. Sixty-two percent of the population identifies themselves as being white, 28% black and seven percent Hispanic. The remainder identify themselves as either other races or as two or more races Each year the Illinois State Police produces a Uniform Crime Report, which highlights statistics and topics that are of interest in regards to criminal statistics and data .This report looks at the crime rates for Homewood, Illinois between the period of 2008 and 2009, what the trends in these have been, what the driving factors are and what impact the rate of crime has on school quality, property values and the quality of life within the village. Are the major crime rates going up, down or are they remaining stable? Between the years of 2008 and 2009 the crime rate per 100,000 individuals increased from 3,702 to 4,332 which represented a total increase from 684 cries to 806 crimes. There was no murder within the village in either year, sexual assault increased from three crimes to seven, robbery from 19 to 27 crimes, theft from 532 to 627 and theft of motor vehicles from 19 to 41. The amount of arsons actually decreased from four incidences in 2008 to 2009, and burglaries decreased from 96 to 93. In general, rates of major crime increased from 2008 to 2009.
When multiple years are taken into account a clearer picture of crime rates and trends can be obtained. The number of rapes has been very sporadic with some years having no rapes, others having a little below 40. There appears to be no clear time trend in relation to rape, although it is important to note that this may also reflect variation in the frequency of rapes being reported rather than the events themselves. Robberies have shown a significant increase from the early 2000’s to the late, but from 2006 to 2009 there appears to be a trend of decreasing robberies. Conversely, the number of burglaries appears to be rising, although the rate is slow. While other crime rates are below, often well below the average for the United States, the thefts per 100,000 population is significantly higher than the average and has been every year since 1999. In some years the difference is above 1,000 thefts. Why is the crime rate high or low? The crime index for the village for the year of 2008 was 284.8; there was no available data for 2009. This crime index indicates the level of crime and can be compared between different cities and states; the higher the number, the higher the level of crime. The average crime index for the United States is 319.2, which Homewood is significantly lower than. This indicates that, in general, the level of crime is lower for Homewood, Illinois than it is elsewhere in the country. When this figure is compared against the nationwide average across multiple years, the crime index has been lower than the average (often by a large amount) every year from 1999 to 2008, with the exception of 2006 . The population in Homewood is highly educated, with more than 90% of those over 25 having graduated high school, and more than 40% having a Bachelor’s degree or higher . It has been shown that education reduces levels of crime, with individuals with higher education less likely to commit crime than those with less or no education . This is likely to be one driving factor towards the low level of crime in Homewood,
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In fact, since 1960s crime rates in the United States rose steeply at an alarming level as noted by Newsweek magazine in its February 27, 1967 issue. (Magazine Articles from 1967) Some experts ascribed crime rates rise to social breakdown in the family, the church, neighborhood, and any other invisible bonds coherent in a community.
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This paper examines this important connection with a specific focus on the positive correlation between relative and absolute poverty and rates of violent crime and burglary in the U.S., and compares the Gini coefficient and indicators of poverty, such as unemployment and income distribution, in the areas of concern.
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